glycosyl


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glycosyl

[′glī·kə‚sil]
(biochemistry)
A univalent functional group derived from the cyclic form of glycose by removal of the hemiacetal hydroxyl group.
References in periodicals archive ?
Structural organization and a standardized nomenclature for plant endo-1,4-beta-glucanases (cellulases) of glycosyl hydrolase family 9.
Bairoch, "New families in the classification of glycosyl hydrolases based on amino acid sequence similarities," The Biochemical Journal, vol.
Glycosylation is a process of reacting a glycosyl donor molecule and a glycosyl acceptor together.
Meanwhile, a wide range of weight loss at around 250 - 450degC (stage 2) was due to degradation process of lignocellulosic materials (decomposition of glycosyl units of cellulose or lignin) followed by the formation of char.
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a complex hematologic disorder characterized by an acquired somatic mutation in the phosphatidylinositol glycan (PIG-A) gene resulting in a deficiency of the glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored proteins, particularly CD55 and CD59 on the cell membrane [1].
The chitinases of glycosyl hydrolases in family 20 (GH-20) are [beta]-(1,4)-N-acetylglucosaminidases that release GlcNAc monomers (4).
Majority of the xylanases are confined either to glycosyl hydrolase family 10 (GH10) or to family 11 (GH11) based on similarities in their hydrophobic clusters and amino acid sequences of the catalytic domains.
Although these flavone C-mono-glucosides were reported in Echinodorus grandiflorus, several other compounds from ES-EG fraction had m/z values consistent with 2 glycosyl units linked to the flavonoid, and CID-MS analysis indicates that the second glycosyl seems to be O-linked (Fig.
Horizontal gene transfer in glycosyl hydrolases inferred from codon usage in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis.
The secretor phenotype is defined by the FUT2 gene, a fucosyltransferasethat catalyzes the addition of terminalfucose residues to produce the H antigen, an acceptor to which the ABO transferase adds its glycosyl. A functioning FUT2 enzyme allows for the secretion of ABO antigens into body fluids, however, homozygous inactivating mutations in FUT2 occurin approximately 20% of non-secretor individualsgroups [18].