glyoxalase


Also found in: Medical.

glyoxalase

[glī′äk·sə‚lās]
(biochemistry)
An enzyme present in various body tissues which catalyzes the conversion of methylglyoxal into lactic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Coordinate induction of antioxidant defense and glyoxalase system by exogenous proline and glycinebetaine is correlated with salt tolerance in mungbean.
Klebsiella 370 Sulfonamide, Trimethoprim, Quinolone, Acriflavin, Glyoxalase, Bleomycin Tetracycline, Gentamicin, Tobramycin, Amikacin, Streptomycin, Colicin, Tunicamycin, Chloramphenicol,Fosfomycin, Florfenicol, Erythromycin, kanamycin, Neomycin, Apramycin, Trimethoprim, Rifampin and Spectinomycin Acinetobacter 212 Sulfonamide, Trimethoprim, Aminoglycoside,Gentamicin, Bleomycin, Carbapenem, Amikacin, Kanamycin and Neomycin.
The enzyme Glyoxalase 1, or GLO1, helps to remove byproduct that is created when cells generate energy.
Exogenous salicylic acid alleviates salt-stress oxidative damage in Brassica napes by enhancing the anti oxidant defense and glyoxalase systems.
In many transgenic plants, GlyI and GlyII gene expression for glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II enzymes have been reported for salinity tolerance (Singla-Pareek et al.
Wright, "Role of advanced glycation endproducts and glyoxalase I in diabetic peripheral sensory neuropathy," Translational Research, vol.
Studies have shown that copper exposure induces oxidative stress in antioxidative and glyoxalase systems in rice seedlings and that pre-treatment with salicylic acid alleviates the symptoms of copper toxicity (MOSTOFA; FUJITA, 2013).
However, proline treatments especially the highest used concentration (10mM) had higher GR activity which contributes to the maintenance of higher GSH/GSSG ratio and GSH level and is used by DHAR and other GSH-dependent enzymes involved in the antioxidant defense and glyoxalase systems [33] therefore, the insufficient of GR was a major factor responsible for the rapid increase in the GSSG in drought stressed faba bean plants.
D-lactate is generated by degradation of methylglyoxal, an intermediate glucose metabolite, through the glyoxalase system (3, 5).
of the University's Center for Drug Design, found evidence that a lab-made compound known as psi-GSH enables the brain to use its own protective enzyme system, called glyoxalase, against the Alzheimer's disease process.