These included Northern Cardinal, American Goldfinch, Tufted Titmouse, Eastern Towhee, Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
, Common Grackle, and Black-capped Chickadee.
Other key species within the whole group of 32 include the California gnatcatcher
, the arroyo toad, and the tidewater goby.
In California, the United States Marine Corps (USMC) has applied for permission from the FWS to exempt their bases from ESA requirements that would otherwise apply because of the presence of the Coastal California gnatcatcher
, (250) the San Diego fairy shrimp, (251) the tidewater goby, (252) and the Arroyo southwestern toad (253) on the bases.
Sprawl's victims include populations of the California gnatcatcher
, arroyo toad, fairy shrimp and peninsular bighorn sheep-all listed by the federal government as either threatened or endangered.
These birds included 1 vulture, 10 raptors, 1 quail, 6 doves, 1 cuckoo, 3 owls, 1 swift, 2 hummingbirds, 5 woodpeckers, 7 flycatchers, 1 shrike, 2 vireos, 1 jay, 2 crows, 6 swallows, 1 chickadee, 1 titmouse, 5 wrens, 1 kinglet, 1 gnatcatcher
, 3 thrushes, 3 mimic thrushes, 1 starling, 1 pipit, 1 waxwing, 11 warblers, 1 tanager, 13 sparrows, 1 cardinal, 1 grosbeak, 2 buntings, 1 dickcissel, 2 blackbirds, 1 meadowlark, 2 grackles, 1 cowbird, 1 oriole, 1 goldfinch, 1 finch, and 1 weaver finch.
Even without evidence of interbreeding, the California gnatcatcher
's conservation status might require reevaluation on the basis of recent genetic findings.
The black-tailed gnatcatcher
(Polioptila melanura) is sedentary in these desert regions, where it nests in large clumps of vegetation, and it resembles a small warbler.
By telling their story she hopes to inspire folks everywhere: "For each of us, regardless of where we live, there is a river, a mountain range, a beach, a whale, a peregrine, a gnatcatcher
that, if we merely give our time as a witness to loss, will gradually unite the veins of its existence with our own ...
The cost of environmental measures came to $67 million with CCC contributing $25 million for wildlife undercrossings, wetlands replace ment, and enhancement of the Cali fornia gnatcatcher
Signs of this ploy were apparent as early as March 1993, when Babbitt blessed the "win-win" habitat-conservation plan, whereby endangered species such as the California gnatcatcher
would coexist on coastal lands with developers.
Between Texas and southern California, mtDNA restriction site studies reveal no geographic differentiation in the verdin, black-tailed gnatcatcher
, or cactus wren.
Whether it's an owl or a gnatcatcher
or a salmon, these creatures are not responsible for the decline of industries.