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gnu

(no͞o) or

wildebeest

(wĭl`dəbēst'), large African antelopeantelope,
name applied to any of a large number of hoofed, ruminant mammals of the cattle family (Bovidae), which also includes the bison, buffalo, sheep, and goats. Found in Africa and Eurasia, they range in size from pygmy antelopes, 12 in.
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, genus Connochaetes. Its heavy head and humped shoulders resemble those of a buffalo, while the compact hindquarters are like those of a horse. The gnu has a beard, a short, erect mane, and a long, flowing tail. Members of both sexes have large horns that curve down, outward, and up. Gnus are grazing animals and live in herds on open grassland. They constantly move in an effort to locate new pastures. The sight of a gnu migration, with its distinctive style of movement, is perhaps the most impressive group event in the animal kingdom. There are two species. The brindled gnu, or blue wildebeest (C. taurinus), is a large, fierce-looking animal of S and E Africa. It stands 4 1-2 ft (135 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 500 lb (225 kg); its coat is bluish-gray mottled with brown on the sides. The tail, mane, and beard are black. In the northern variety of this species (called the white-bearded gnu), which ranges as far N as Kenya, the beard is white. The brindled gnu lives in herds of 20 to several thousand individuals, often led by one or several old females and often found grazing with herds of zebra. Gnus are swift runners and herds engage in elaborate evasive maneuvers when threatened; their chief predator is the lion. They graze in the morning and evening, resting during the heat of the day; they often travel long distances in search of water. The white-tailed gnu, or black wildebeest (C. gnou), is a somewhat smaller animal once abundant in S Africa. It is now probably extinct in the wild, but is protected in parks and reserves, where its numbers are increasing. Gnu is the San (Bushman) term for these animals; wildebeest is Afrikaans. Gnus are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gnu

 

(Connochaetes) a genus of large cloven-hoof mammals with massive bodies. The body length of a gnu may be 2 m, the height at the withers 1.3 m, the tail length 35—55 cm, and the weight as much as 275 kg. The head is heavy and the horns sharply bent. The body is covered with short brownish-gray hair, which is longer on the tail, the neck, and the areas around the mane and “beard.”

The gnu is a polygamous herding animal that inhabits the broad open plains of eastern and southern Africa. It makes seasonal migrations, feeding on various kinds of grassy vegetation. Mating occurs in June, with a gestation period of eight or nine months and one offspring at a time. The genus comprises two species: the whitetailed gnu (C. gnou), found in southern Africa to the south of the Limpopo River, and the brindled gnu (Gorgon taurinus), found throughout eastern Africa from the Orange River to Uganda. The gnu is hunted for its meat and hide, and its numbers are dwindling. It is now numerous only in protected territories. The gnu readily endures captivity and reproduces well. In the USSR it has been successfully acclimated in Askania-Nova.

O. L. ROSSOLIMO

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

gnu

[]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several large African antelopes of the genera Connochaetes and Gorgon having a large oxlike head with horns that characteristically curve downward and outward and then up, with the bases forming a frontal shield in older individuals.

GNU

[gə′nü]
(computer science)
Freely distributed software for producing and distributing nonproprietary software that is compatible with Unix, but is not Unix.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

gnu

either of two sturdy antelopes, Connochaetes taurinus (brindled gnu) or the much rarer C. gnou (white-tailed gnu), inhabiting the savannas of Africa, having an oxlike head and a long tufted tail
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

GNU

(body, project)
/g*noo/ 1. A recursive acronym: "GNU's Not Unix!". The Free Software Foundation's project to provide a freely distributable replacement for Unix. The GNU Manifesto was published in the March 1985 issue of Dr. Dobb's Journal but the GNU project started a year and a half earlier when Richard Stallman was trying to get funding to work on his freely distributable editor, Emacs.

Emacs and the GNU C compiler, gcc, two tools designed for this project, have become very popular. GNU software is available from many GNU archive sites.

See also Hurd.

2. <person> John Gilmore.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

GNU

(GNU's Not Unix) A Unix-like operating system developed by the free software movement starting in 1984. In 1992, the almost-complete GNU system was combined with the Linux kernel, producing the GNU/Linux system. The GNU Project developed many of the core programs in GNU, but also included available free software such as the X Window System and TeX. See GNU Project, GNU/Linux, Free Software Foundation, free software and Linux.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
(382) See Frequently Asked Questions about GNU Licenses, supra note 190 (allowing users to modify and customize the GPL as long as the new license is given another name, does not include the GPL preamble, and the instructions-for-use are modified and clearly do not mention the GNU).
Its most recent retrieval and transport missions took place in March 2008 with GOSS funding; since that time, neither the GNU nor the GOSS provided CEAWC with funding for the transport and reunification of previously identified abductees with their families.
Our partners in the GNU, the National Congress Party (NCP), have been playing around with us by projecting all the meetings we attend to be just for public relations sake without any substantial action being taken.
For his part, Gnu explains the corporation's philosophy this way: "It's not just cutting tools.
GNU Octave Alternative Software for Students of Control Engineering, Proceedings of 8th International Carpathian Control Conference ICCC'2007, Podlubny, I.
Dialogue between Christian and Muslim groups continued under the auspices of the Sudan Inter-Religious Council (SIRC), a nongovernmental organization (NGO) supported by the GNU, and the Sudan Council of Churches (SCC), comprising Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant groups.
Note that GNU's definition of "free" does not mean "price= $0".
Crotty perused the raw files that NASA had posted (http://marsrovers .jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/all) and used a pair of programs--PTAssembler to stitch the images together, and a freeware image-processing program called GNU Image Manipulation Program, or GIMP--to assemble them into his own color-corrected versions.
The organization is the primary sponsor of the GNU Project, which was started with the intent of developing a complete UNIX-style operating system.
CWIS and SPT are open-source software, licensed under the GNU General Public License (http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.
Torvalds, para entonces estudiante de la Universidad de Helsinki, utilizo ideas del sistema operativo UNIX y se apoyo en el trabajo realizado por el proyecto GNU (siglas de Gnu's Not Unix) de software "libre" para obtener sistemas mas rapidos y eficientes que Windows y que el mismo UNIX.
He describes the GNU General Public License (GPL), but there are several open source licence types certified by the "Open Source Initiative", listed at www.opensource.org.