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a light low-framed vehicle with small wheels and engine used for recreational racing
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a low-powered racing vehicle with a two-cycle engine. Karts are characterized by the absence of a body, flexible suspension of the front and rear wheels, and a differential gear. The chassis of a kart is a tubular frame that supports the metal floor. The soft-back seat prevents shifting of the driver during turns. The wheels, with pneumatic tires, are mounted on ball bearings. The steering gear is similar to automobile steering gear, with a circular steering wheel. The wheel brakes may be of the hydraulic drum or disk type. The motor is located next to the rear axle. Safety requires the mounting of guards to protect the driver from burns from the hot parts of the motor and the isolation of the chain transmission for the rear-wheel drive.

Five classes are permitted for kart competition in the USSR. The largest classes are Class A, with piston displacements of up to 100 cm3, and Class B, with piston displacements of up to 125 cm3 (gearboxes are not installed on karts of these classes).

The dimensions of a kart are as follows: wheelbase (the distance between the axles), 1, 010–1, 220 mm; track, not less thantwo-thirds of the wheelbase; maximum length, 1, 820 mm; maximum wheel diameter, 350 mm. The maximum speed of karts onstraightaways is 150 km/hr.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Charlie Turner reports: "We started with bits of metal and bolts; we worked together with the Engineers to build the go-cart with an instruction booklet.
In the plan, Funway plans to expand its miniature golf course, construct a 5,085-square-foot addition, and pave a go-cart track.
His specially-made imported Italian go-cart has a camera in the front so the team can analyse each run, discussing the lines and why some runs were faster than others.
The go-cart drivers run two at a time for two runs down the 100-yard course, Wilson said.
He dropped his left arm to prevent the electric go-cart from flipping over and in the process scraped his forearm along the asphalt.
When Danica Patrick was 13, she raced go-carts and dreamed of being a race-car driver.
Emi and Mariko were riding in the go-cart when it fell from the elevated track around 11:40 a.m.
The event will include a treasure hunt, home-made go-cart competition, golf, penalty shoot-out, barbecue, bouncy castle and stalls.
Shot as a graduation film at Berlin's Film & TV Academy, "Circling" is cut a few notches above the ordinary in its description of the bonding between a young hippie father, jobless and often drunk, and his 155-year-old son with a yen for go-cart racing.
The director should study the newest and safest equipment for camp programs and schedule inspections by certified individuals for activities such as ropes courses, riding areas, climbing walls, rappelling, go-cart tracks, and other areas.
Ten teams competed at a local go-cart track for the honor of being the fastest team overall.
Inspired by the popular American cartoon, the madcap event will see teams compete against each other to see who has built the fastest go-cart.