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a light low-framed vehicle with small wheels and engine used for recreational racing
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a low-powered racing vehicle with a two-cycle engine. Karts are characterized by the absence of a body, flexible suspension of the front and rear wheels, and a differential gear. The chassis of a kart is a tubular frame that supports the metal floor. The soft-back seat prevents shifting of the driver during turns. The wheels, with pneumatic tires, are mounted on ball bearings. The steering gear is similar to automobile steering gear, with a circular steering wheel. The wheel brakes may be of the hydraulic drum or disk type. The motor is located next to the rear axle. Safety requires the mounting of guards to protect the driver from burns from the hot parts of the motor and the isolation of the chain transmission for the rear-wheel drive.

Five classes are permitted for kart competition in the USSR. The largest classes are Class A, with piston displacements of up to 100 cm3, and Class B, with piston displacements of up to 125 cm3 (gearboxes are not installed on karts of these classes).

The dimensions of a kart are as follows: wheelbase (the distance between the axles), 1, 010–1, 220 mm; track, not less thantwo-thirds of the wheelbase; maximum length, 1, 820 mm; maximum wheel diameter, 350 mm. The maximum speed of karts onstraightaways is 150 km/hr.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Every time I'm in the go-kart I always get battered and bruised.
He heard an unusual sound on his driveway in Evesham Road, Church Lench, Evesham, Worcestershire, on Saturday night at about 10.30pm but it was not until the following morning that he realised the go-kart had been stolen.
They took part in a day-long go-kart challenge at Cannon Raceway in Coseley, and raised pounds 1,694 between them.
His vehicle even includes an on-board computer which allows CJ to open up the throttle on his go-kart as he overtakes fellow racers.
The Go-Kart Challenge was a joint project between David Brown Gear Systems, as part of its 150th anniversary celebrations, and Huddersfield Town Football Club.
A BUTCHER "made no attempt to stop, brake or slow down" before he was killed in a go-kart crash, an inquest heard yesterday.
The singer was taken to hospital with a broken rib after he smashed a go-kart into a wall, then fell out.
POLICE are investigating how a 33-year-old mother of three died in a go-kart accident near her home.
BRAZEN thieves who stole a toy tractor and go-kart were spotted riding them through a town centre.
Holmfirth High School is one of 15 Kirklees schools entering the Go-Kart Challenge which takes place at the Galpharm Stadium on April 6.
A GO-KART world record could be smashed by police officers next week.