gold rush

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gold rush,

influx of prospectors, merchants, adventurers, and others to newly discovered gold fields. One of the most famous of these stampedes in pursuit of riches was the California gold rush. The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill early in 1848 brought more than 40,000 prospectors to California within two years. Although few of them struck it rich, their presence was an important stimulus to economic growth and hastened California's statehood (1850). Agriculture, commerce, transportation, and industry grew rapidly to meet the needs of the settlers; mining, too, soon became big business as corporations replaced the individual prospector. Vigilante justice and ad hoc political structures soon gave way to the complex organization of state government. The excitement of the California gold-rush days has been captured in the works of Bret HarteHarte, Bret
(Francis Brett Harte) , 1836–1902, American writer of short stories and humorous verse, b. Albany, N.Y. At 19 he went to California, where he tried his hand at teaching, clerking, and mining.
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 and Jack LondonLondon, Jack
(John Griffith London), 1876–1916, American author, b. San Francisco. The illegitimate son of William Chaney, an astrologer, and Flora Wellman, a seamstress and medium, he had a poverty-stricken childhood, and was brought up by his mother and her subsequent
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. Other large gold rushes took place in Australia (1851–53); WitwatersrandWitwatersrand
[Afrik.,=white water ridge] or the Rand,
region, Gauteng prov. (formerly a part of Transvaal), South Africa. The area, which forms the watershed between the Vaal and Olifants rivers, is c.
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, South Africa (1884); and the KlondikeKlondike
, region of Yukon, NW Canada, just E of the Alaska border. It lies around Klondike River, a small stream that enters the Yukon River from the east at Dawson. The discovery in 1896 of rich placer gold deposits in Bonanza (Rabbit) Creek, a tributary of the Klondike,
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, Canada (1897–98).


See O. Lewis, Sea Routes to the Gold Fields (1949); E. Wells and H. Peterson, The '49ers (1949); P. Barton, The Klondike Fever (1958); R. W. Paul, Mining Frontiers of the Far West, 1848–1880 (1963, repr. 2001) and as ed., The California Gold Discovery (1966); D. B. Chidsey, The California Gold Rush (1968); H. W. Brands, The Age of Gold (2002); D. L. Walker, Eldorado: The California Gold Rush (2003); E. Dolnick, The Rush: America's Fevered Quest for Fortune, 1848–1853 (2014).

Gold Rush

lure of instant riches precipitated onslaught of prospectors (1848, 1886). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 203]
See: Frenzy
References in periodicals archive ?
I would also like to congratulate Liubov Voronova, winner of the 1 Kg Gold Prize, along with other winners of the Gold Rush promotion and thank all our customers for their support and continued patronage of UNB and its products", Hosny added.
Qualifying for a Aussie Gold Rush package is easy, 888poker will offer daily qualifiers tournaments starting as low as $1.
Publicity about the gold rush prompted many migrants to sail from Liverpool to seek their fortunes - the first licence was issued in Victoria on 21 September 1851.
Virgin Casino, a part of UK-based online gaming company Virgin Games, has announced launch of Gold Rush Showdown slot game.
Like the Gold Rush in the United States, there will be a long queue of companies and organisations rushing to Barry and the Vale because this area will be at the heart of a world-leading centre of excellence in technical skills training.
I am confident we will receive excellent support from our key suppliers who will be quick to recognise the sales opportunities offered by Gold Rush," said Batleys operations director Martin Race.
But this reviewer would give the author's attempt to root the farmers' persistence in Gold Rush psychology a Scots verdict: not proven.
This month, visitors and Alaskans can celebrate that past and the region's future during the 18th Annual Juneau Gold Rush Days.
Until then, the company had been depending for sales on the romantic appeal of the Gold Rush and the rugged image of the cowboy.
Joseph goes to California, hoping to get rich in the Gold Rush and win his family's freedom, and at the end, in 1852, he heads for Australia and the gold rush there.
GOLDEN MOMENTS: Gold was the standard on Tuesday night at Les Deux, as AOL pulled out all the stops to launch its new trivia game, Gold Rush.
There is a two-sentence entry (probably the shortest) for Billy Barker of gold rush fame; then there are Glen Woodsworth and Dick Culbert, who are listed as mountaineers rather than geologists; James Dunsmuir, the Vancouver Island coal baron, is remembered for his exploitation of coal miners; and finally, there is Frederick Augustus Heinz, an American who came to BC between 1896 and 1907 to build the Trail smelter and a railway before selling them to the CPR.