gold rush


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gold rush,

influx of prospectors, merchants, adventurers, and others to newly discovered gold fields. One of the most famous of these stampedes in pursuit of riches was the California gold rush. The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill early in 1848 brought more than 40,000 prospectors to California within two years. Although few of them struck it rich, their presence was an important stimulus to economic growth and hastened California's statehood (1850). Agriculture, commerce, transportation, and industry grew rapidly to meet the needs of the settlers; mining, too, soon became big business as corporations replaced the individual prospector. Vigilante justice and ad hoc political structures soon gave way to the complex organization of state government. The excitement of the California gold-rush days has been captured in the works of Bret HarteHarte, Bret
(Francis Brett Harte) , 1836–1902, American writer of short stories and humorous verse, b. Albany, N.Y. At 19 he went to California, where he tried his hand at teaching, clerking, and mining.
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 and Jack LondonLondon, Jack
(John Griffith London), 1876–1916, American author, b. San Francisco. The illegitimate son of William Chaney, an astrologer, and Flora Wellman, a seamstress and medium, he had a poverty-stricken childhood, and was brought up by his mother and her subsequent
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. Other large gold rushes took place in Australia (1851–53); WitwatersrandWitwatersrand
[Afrik.,=white water ridge] or the Rand,
region, Gauteng prov. (formerly a part of Transvaal), South Africa. The area, which forms the watershed between the Vaal and Olifants rivers, is c.
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, South Africa (1884); and the KlondikeKlondike
, region of Yukon, NW Canada, just E of the Alaska border. It lies around Klondike River, a small stream that enters the Yukon River from the east at Dawson. The discovery in 1896 of rich placer gold deposits in Bonanza (Rabbit) Creek, a tributary of the Klondike,
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, Canada (1897–98).

Bibliography

See O. Lewis, Sea Routes to the Gold Fields (1949); E. Wells and H. Peterson, The '49ers (1949); P. Barton, The Klondike Fever (1958); R. W. Paul, Mining Frontiers of the Far West, 1848–1880 (1963, repr. 2001) and as ed., The California Gold Discovery (1966); D. B. Chidsey, The California Gold Rush (1968); H. W. Brands, The Age of Gold (2002); D. L. Walker, Eldorado: The California Gold Rush (2003); E. Dolnick, The Rush: America's Fevered Quest for Fortune, 1848–1853 (2014).

Gold Rush

lure of instant riches precipitated onslaught of prospectors (1848, 1886). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 203]
See: Frenzy
References in periodicals archive ?
He asked the the Provincial Mining Regulatory Board (PMRB) to closely the monitor the encroachment of illegal miners into the abandoned mining tunnels within the Kematu's gold rush area.
The "Battlefield V" Xbox One X Gold Rush special edition also comes with a free one month subscription to EA Access, one month to the Xbox Game Pass and an Xbox Live Gold free trial for 14 days.
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Critique: Enhanced with the inclusion of a number of period photographs, "Gold Rush in the Klondike" is an inherently fascinating and consistently compelling memoir.
Drawing on new sources, Constable studies the micro and macroeconomics of the California Gold Rush through a two-year window of financial transactions.
The customers get a chance to participate in the 'The Great Gold Rush' campaign until 30 June 2015.
The meteoric rise in the price of gold has spawned a 21stcentury gold rush in the abandoned mines of Itogon as leftover lowgrade deposits became big business once more.
Mohammed Maqsood Ali, the 4th winner of the Great Gold Rush promotion of Malabar Gold & Diamonds, receives the prize of quarter kilo gold from Gaffoor Edakkuni, regional director, Malabar Gold & Diamonds, in Riyadh.
India, April 21 -- Microsoft India has today made its Xbox Live Gold Rush Program official in India.
Specialty finance company, Capital Financial Global Inc (OTC Pink: CFGX), has said that it has successfully completed the acquisition of USD5.1m dollars of debt in Gold Rush Refiners Llc, a distressed Georgia-based gold and precious metals refinery.
was packing for a redux of the Klondike Gold Rush Dawson City, the 8- street, 1,800- people squat town Yukon ( Canada) where gold was discovered on August 16, 1896.
Rush to the Rockies!; the 1859 Pikes Peak or Bust gold rush.