Gonfalonier

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gonfalonier

 

(1) An official of the Italian city-republics during the 13th, 14th, and 15th centuries who headed the militia of the municipal quarters.

(2) A position established in 1289 in Florence called gonfalonier of justice—the head of the detachment guarding the popolano government from the grandees. After 1293 the gonfalonier of justice became the head of government (prior or seignior), but during the period of Medici rule (15th to 18th centuries) he was the city magistrate.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.