Gonococci


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Related to Gonococci: gonococcus, meningococci

Gonococci

 

(Neisseria gonorrheae, Diplococcus gonorrheae), a group of bean-shaped, nonmotile, nonsporiferous, pyogenic bacteria; specific parasites of humans.

The gonococci were discovered by the German scientist A. Neisser in 1879. They are the cause of a purulent inflammatory disease (gonorrhea) of the mucous membranes of the urogenital organs and eyes; in addition, they may attack the joints, glands, and endocardium. Gonococci perish upon drying, heating (to 40°-45° C), and exposure to silver salts and antibiotics (for example, penicillin, Chloromycetin, and tetracycline).

References in periodicals archive ?
sup][4] The present study showed that in addition to gonococci, S.
Further studies are needed to determine the susceptibility of gonococci to gentamicin in different parts of the world and to establish the minimum dosage that will maintain sustainable cure rates.
Of the 40 patients remaining in the study, 27 patients below 35 years age, 13 (48%) had Chlamydia infection and 2 had gonococci infection.
Results from this study and other studies in China had suggested that Ser91 mutation might play an important role in mediating quinolone resistance in gonococci (24,26-27).
The farAB-encoded efflux pump mediates resistance of gonococci to long-chained antibacterial fatty acids.
The development of antibiotic resistance among gonococci continues to threaten the success of the syndromic management in many of the world's poorest regions where the prevalence of gonorrhoea is often highest.
In this study, we used both conventional bacteriologic methods and a novel real-time PCR assay to identify all gonococci isolated in New Caledonia since July 2003 and to determine whether phenotypes obtained by E-test correlate with genotypes identified by melting curve analysis after amplification of specific gene sequences.
We streak bi-plates for gonococci and perform a two-glass (split urinalysis) on specimens from male patients to help doctors distinguish between involvement in the urethra, suggesting gonococcal involvement, and in the bladder.
Animal studies showed that the microbicide prevented the transmission of gonococci, herpes virus and chlamydia when it was placed in the vagina before inoculation of the pathogens.
Australian Gonococcal Surveillance Program Data The Australian Gonococcal Surveillance Program receives and tests clinical isolates of gonococci for the purposes of AMR phenotypic surveillance from throughout Australia.
Past or present inflammatory disease of the pelvic organs, usually gonococci result in tubal occlusion and chronic endocervicitis which are not grossly recognisable.
Causative agents of genital tract infections are the following pathogens: gram-positive and gram-negative cocci, gonococci, trichomonas, chlamydia, gardnerella, cytomegalovirus, opportunistic pathogens, Candida species, etc.