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see hawkhawk,
name generally applied to the smaller members of the Accipitridae, a heterogeneous family of diurnal birds of prey, such as the eagle, the kite, and the Old World vulture.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Accipiter gentilis), a bird of prey of the family Accipitridae. The goshawk ranges from 52 to 70 cm in length and from 0.55 to 1.8 kg in weight. The females are larger than the males. The short broad wings and long tail enable the goshawk to dash with extreme agility through thick forests in pursuit of its prey. The back is blue-gray, and the underparts are barred; in young birds, the underparts are streaked.

The goshawk is distributed primarily in the forest zone of Europe, Asia, and North America and in the mountains of northwestern Africa. It is nonmigratory or weakly migratory. The preferred habitat is forests, where it nests in trees. A clutch contains three or four eggs, which for the most part are incubated by the female; the incubation period is about 35 days. The diet consists of birds and mammals to the size of a hare. On game farms, the goshawk can at times be destructive; in all areas, however, it is greatly reduced in numbers, so that the harm it causes is of small consequence. The goshawk is sometimes used in falconry.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a large hawk, Accipiter gentilis, of Europe, Asia, and North America, having a bluish-grey back and wings and paler underparts: used in falconry
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The goshawk is arguably the most potent killer of them all and I'm sure that many readers will have had a feeling of discomfort when seeing shots of the goshawk on television's "Springwatch", the orange eyes of the male, especially, fairly simmering with hostility and menace.
Paul Baker, 67, and Jess Baker, 39, pleaded guilty to a number of offences atSwanseaMagistrates' Court last week, including an admission that their actions led to the goshawk suffering unnecessarily.
"Goshawks are magnificent birds and should be widespread throughout North Yorkshire.
The T-45 Goshawk is a tandem-seat, carrier capable, jet trainer whose mission is to train Navy and Marine Corps pilots, according to the U.S.
She acknowledges that she and Mabel subsequently fed upon at least some of the goshawk's prey, although many kills seem also to have been left to lie in the field--an acceptable practice in England, but with rare exceptions (like the unfortunate killing of a songbird) illegal in the US.
Goshawks are slowly recovering after years of persecution by humans but there are still only 150 breeding pairs in Scotland.
Birds that were known to have a nervous temperament (especially northern goshawks and gyr falcons), or were losing weight despite supportive care also were selected.
Add to this the ongoing problem we're now having from goshawks. They attack quite viciously."
The rare goshawk - believed to be part of one of just 400 breeding pairs in the UK - made his dramatic entrance into the British Heart Foundation Furniture & Electrical shop in Market Way yesterday morning.
all species are fully protected and there are only 410 nesting goshawk pairs in the UK - but RsPB investigators said they were "deliberately lured".
Goshawk chicks in Kielder, in Northumberland, are having their mouths swabbed to research their family trees.
Clear days are good for spotting goshawks, the sparrowhawk's bigger cousin.