governor

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Related to governorship: gubernatorial

governor,

chief executive of a dependent or component unit in a political system. In the United States, a governor is the chief executive of each state and is elected by the people of the state. In the British, French, and Dutch empires a governor was traditionally appointed to rule over each of the colonies. Governors in the United States originally lacked much power. They were often subordinate to the state legislatures and had little control over administrative agencies. However, political reforms in the early 20th cent. shifted power from the legislative to the executive branches of state governments, and today governors are among the most powerful political figures in the United States. At the National Governors Conference, developed from a meeting called (1908) by President Theodore Roosevelt, the nation's governors meet annually to discuss common political and governmental problems.

governor,

automatic device used to regulate and control such variables as speed or pressure in the functioning of an engine or other machine. A governor may be an electric, hydraulic, or mechanical device, or it may employ some combination of electric, hydraulic, and mechanical components. The constant-speed governor serves to keep the speed of an engine constant under changes in load and other disturbances. It is very often a mechanical device, employing centrifugal force. Such a governor contains weights, called flyballs, each attached to the end of an arm. The arms are arranged, like the spokes of wheels, around a central spindle and are connected to the inlet valve (commonly called the governor valve). The flyballs are so attached that they move away from the spindle as the speed increases (decreasing the fuel or steam to the inlet) and come closer to the spindle as the speed decreases (increasing the fuel or steam), thereby keeping the speed constant. Varying degrees of closure and the speeds at which they are to occur can be set in advance. Where changes are required while an engine is in operation, a variable-speed governor is employed. A governor-synchronizing device is used to equalize the speed of two or more engines driving electric generators before they engage the generators. In order to control the speed of some engines, a governor's output must be strengthened by connecting the output to a hydraulic amplifier.

Governor

 

(1) In present-day bourgeois states, the highest official in a territorial unit. For example, in the USA a governor is the executive head of a state, popularly elected from among candidates nominated by the leading bourgeois parties. In Denmark each of the 25 districts is headed by a governor appointed by the king. In Great Britain a governor is an official appointed by the British government to administer a colony.

(2) In prerevolutionary Russia, the highest government official in a province, who performed administrative, police, and military functions.

governor

[′gəv·ə·nər]
(mechanical engineering)
A device, especially one actuated by the centrifugal force of whirling weights opposed by gravity or by springs, used to provide automatic control of speed or power of a prime mover.

governor

A type of control to ensure that certain types of equipment, like high-pressure fuel pumps, operate at the desired speed. A governor has a sensor to measure the speed, a datum from which the equipment speed is referenced, and a control to adjust the speed to align it with the datum. See overspeed governor.

governor

1. the ruler or chief magistrate of a colony, province, etc.
2. the representative of the Crown in a British colony
3. Brit the senior administrator or head of a society, prison, etc.
4. the chief executive of any state in the US
5. Engineering a device that controls the speed of an engine, esp by regulating the supply of fuel, etc., either to limit the maximum speed or to maintain a constant speed
References in periodicals archive ?
Dmitrii Redin's Administrativnye struktury i biurokratiia Urala v epokhu petrovskikh reform is longer than Pisar'kova's text (minus her tables), but more tightly focused on the course of the Petrine administrative reforms in the Urals region (the western part of the governorship of Siberia, which was capitaled at Tobol'sk and included Tiumen', Turinsk, Pelym', Verkhotur'e, Kungur, Solikamsk, Cherdyn', Kaigorodok, and Viatka).
We hope he will break new ground in his governorship during the remainder of his term.
Many of Sanchez's pro-change proposals were later included in the platform of the People's Party (PP), founded by him when he abandoned the PDP because party structures denied him the opportunity of competing in a primary election with the other two aspirants to the governorship for the period 1969-72.
If one looks at the pattern since 1960, in his first year in office, a President's party controls only one more governorship than the party had in the election year.
Moore's Commandments battle has brought him hero-like status in the state, and he announced in late December that he was contemplating using his prominence to run for the governorship in 2006.
However, the fact that the story is set in Texas allows the reader to infer a wry and subversive commentary on the corporate style of administration that emerged under the Bush governorship, and the difficulty of journalists to buck the system on which their livelihoods depended.
In 1585 he sent a fleet of seven ships to plant a colony under the governorship of Ralph Lane on Roanoke Island near what is now the Outer Banks of North Carolina.
Yunus' plan for micro lending has evolved and spread into other parts of the world, including rural Arkansas under Clinton's governorship, gaining popularity among traditional banking institutions.
Here, one becomes reacquainted with the centrist positions that defined Dean's governorship, from his fierce advocacy of balanced budgets to support for gun rights.
Movie star Arnold Schwarzenegger was clinging to his lead in the California Governorship race last night, despite a string of lurid sex claims in recent days.
Rejecting the king's assignment of the governorship of Brittany in 1550, Vieilleville is said to have complained of being put out to pasture like a worn-out 60-year-old, whereas what he wanted was to die in royal service, facing the king's enemies and exposed to cannon fire.