gradualism

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gradualism

Geology the theory that explains major changes in rock strata, fossils, etc. in terms of gradual evolutionary processes rather than sudden violent catastrophes

gradualism

[′graj·ə·wə‚liz·əm]
(evolution)
A model of evolution in which change is slow, steady, and on the whole ameliorative, resulting in a gradual and continuous increase in biological diversity. Also known as phyletic gradualism.
References in periodicals archive ?
(162) Chayes and Chayes point out that "[g]overnmental resources for policy analysis and decisionmaking are costly and in short supply" and governments "seek to conserve these resources for the most pressing and urgent matters." (163) Since "continuous recalculation" of treaty provision costs and benefits expends such resources, Chayes and Chayes conclude that rote compliance with established treaty provisions "saves transaction costs." (164) Since the gradualistic approach of the Oslo Accords meant that many of the treaty provisions governing Israeli-Palestinian relations were regularly being reconsidered and/or changing, the Oslo Accords were rarely able to benefit from the compliance-promoting efficiencies of routinization.
The evolution of new gall types would occur gradually as a result of slight changes in behavior and oviposition preference of the females, which would be in concordance with the traditional gradualistic view of evolution.
under a gradualistic program), may not be true when the firms are engaging in self-selection.
In general, there are two main strategies of implementing the above reforms that the East European countries can choose: the first one is a "big bang" strategy, the second one is a "gradualistic" way.
Our basic point can be summarized thus: in Colombia institutional factors impede drastic changes in policy from occurring in ways other than in a gradualistic and pragmatic fashion.
It was precisely the demonstrated dynamism of the non-state sector, perceived as a threat to the Plan and socialism, which led Mao in early 1956 to accelerate the hitherto gradualistic pace of socialization of the national economy.
Immediate, complete, and unconditional in its demands, the French paradigm stands in sharp contrast to the gradualistic and piecemeal Central European approach that demanded assimilation as the price for emancipation.(5) While none of the studies under consideration here contests the essential validity of this dichotomy, Libres et Egaux ...
It's clear that, if we have several musical objects following on from one another, we will perceive the flow of time differently according to whether (e.g.) these objects are obviously crossrelated, whether they are connected by gradualistic transformations in one or more parameters, whether there exist codifiable consistencies in intervening "buffer materials," and so on.
"Accommodation" is historically a gradualistic response within African-American politics, which seeks reforms by cooperation with the white corporate establishment, collaboration with the more conservative elements of the major parties, and an advocacy of private self-help and the development of a minority entrepreneurial strata.
Relative frequencies are still being debated, but I feel that we have moved on to investigating, for example, what situations produce a more punctuated or more gradualistic pattern, or the interaction of constraints and adaptation, rather than having mutually opposed options.
It is just that, if punctuationism is right, the progressive, gradualistic steps are compressed into a timeframe which the fossil record does not resolve.
This discontinuity poses a problem for gradualistic evolution.