grandfather clause


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grandfather clause,

provision in constitutions (adopted 1895–1910) of seven post–Reconstruction Southern states that exempted those persons who had been eligible to vote on Jan. 1, 1867, and their descendants from rigid economic and literacy requirements for voting. Since African Americans had not yet been enfranchised on that date, the provision effectively barred them from the polls while granting voting rights to poor and illiterate whites. Such provisions were ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1915. The term grandfather clause is now applied to any kind of legal exemption based on prior status.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Advocates want the grandfather clause altered to stipulate developers who obtain building permits by the start of next year must close on loans in six months.
The "Grandfather Clause" which was enacted in 1985 guaranteed each province no fewer seats than it had in 1976 to protect the smaller provinces.
that were formerly Osco units, and outlets run by Maple Grove, Minn.-based Thrifty White Stores, for example, existed before the ownership law had received "grandfather clause" exceptions.
"The DOL came up with the grandfather clause to accommodate the two industries at the last minute," Webster says.
But I think there's a grandfather clause involved: Old and established names, or those that the customer is stuck with, are safer than newer ones.
Besides extending the moratorium that is scheduled to expire on November 1, the legislation would clarity the definition of "Internet access," preserve the grandfather clause in the original legislation that protects state and local taxes imposed on Internet access prior to 1998 and exempt from the moratorium general business taxes imposed by four states as either a substitute to or a supplement to corporate income taxes paid by businesses.
"Whatever we come up with, we will have to develop a grandfather clause. But it will still have to meet ACGME [Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education] and ABMS criteria," Dr.
Connolly Jr., a member of the fish and game association, contends that because shooting had been allowed for years, the range falls under a so-called grandfather clause, as a pre-existing nonconforming use.
The court also amended the rules to no longer to exempt full-time government employees from attending the PWP, but did adopt a "grandfather clause" that leaves the deferral in place for certain government employees and exempts others from the PWP altogether.
The state regulation is more stringent than federal regulations, which have a "grandfather clause" allowing the continued use of brand names that existed prior to July 7, 1986, even if they suggest the wine comes from an area other than its actual source.
Despite the enormous political victory for the EU of forcing the US to rewrite its domestic tax laws, the Union objected to some aspects of the final agreement in the Congress, namely a three year transition period and a grandfather clause which continues the benefits of the FSC scheme for companies who entered into contracts before September 17, 2003.