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any liquid that occurs naturally in or is secreted by plant or animal tissue
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a beverage made from fresh fruits, berries, or vegetables.

A distinction is made between clear juices, which are made by pressing already processed (usually chopped up) fruits or berries, and juices with pulp, which are obtained from the strained pulp of fruits and vegetables rich in carotene and other valuable water-insoluble components. Distinctions are also made between natural juices (from one type of fruit or vegetable without the addition of other substances), mixed juices (mixture of several types of juices), sweetened juices (with the addition of sugar or sugar syrup), carbonated juices (concentrated with carbon dioxide), and concentrated juices (evaporated juices).

Methods of preserving juices include pasteurization (or sterilization), freezing, treatment with antiseptics or other chemical substances (most often with sulfurous, benzoic, and sorbic acids and their salts), fermentation, and fortification with ethanol (which produces intermediates for wine-making).

Juices are particularly important as a source of vitamins, especially vitamin C. For example, the vitamin C content is 250–300 mg percent in blackberry juice and 100 mg percent in mandarin juice.

The most common fruit and berry juices in the USSR are grape, apple, cherry, and prune; the most common vegetable juices are tomato and carrot. Grape juice contains 15 percent dry matter (including 13.2 percent carbohydrates), 3.5 mg percent vitamin C, and 0.12 mg percent carotene. It has an acidity of 0.2 percent. Also contained in grape juice are vitamin B,, vitamin P, and salts of potassium, iron, calcium, and phosphorus. Tomato juice contains 4.8–5 percent dry matter (including 3 percent carbohydrates and 0.8 percent proteins), 15 mg percent vitamin C, and 0.5 mg percent carotene; vitamin B1; vitamin B2, vitamin PP, and mineral salts are also contained in the juice.


Fan-lung, A. F., B. L. Flaumenbaum, and A. K. Izotov. Tekhnologiia konservirovaniia plodov i ovoshchei, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1969.
Plodovye i ovoshchnye soki. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from Bulgarian.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(1) See JeOS and Joost.

(2) Slang for electrical power.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
But you can make it easy on yourself by switching from apple and grapefruit juices to water or herb teas.
The New South Wales Health Department issued a warning notice about taking certain drugs with grapefruit or grapefruit juice in August 2002 (7).
This calcium channel blocker was the first drug to show interference by grapefruit juice, with a threefold increase in absorption.
"Grapefruit juice, and drugs with a similar mechanism, can significantly increase blood levels of many drugs," said study director Ezra Cohen, MD, a cancer specialist at the University of Chicago Medicine, "but this has long been considered an overdose hazard.
But a group of University of Chicago researchers now says that grapefruit juice's ability to raise drug levels in the bloodstream could mean that cancer patients could take lower doses of sirolimus, which could help them avoid side effects and save money on medication.
niger, including morels and oyster and button mushrooms, were dried, pulverized, and added to grapefruit juice, they also removed furanonomarins.
The scientists came to the conclusion that nitrogen headspace is required to accurately determine the inherent concentrations of volatile sulfur compounds in grapefruit juice. Thirteen sulfur compounds were unambiguously identified.
halibut filet 1/2 cup fresh squeezed lime juice 1/4 cup plus 2 tablespoons fresh squeezed grapefruit juice 1 whole pink grapefruit 1/2 teaspoon minced garlic 1 1/2 tablespoons finely minced chilies 1 tablespoon finely minced green chilies 2 tablespoons fresh mint chiffonade (roll leaves and cut very thin) Sea salt and hot sauce to taste Extra virgin olive oil to taste Cut the halibut into thin, broad slices.
They gave some of them ordinary grapefruit juice and some grapefruit juice without FCs.
Drinking grapefruit juice is a medical no-no for people who take any of several widely prescribed drugs.
They were offered a glass of orange juice, which they like - and a glass of sour grapefruit juice, I which they don't.
Products include Tickled Pink Chocolate Cake, Smoked Salmon Appetisers and Pink Grapefruit Juice. Prices start from pounds 2.98 and all profits go to charity.