grassland


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Related to grassland: grassland climate, Grassland ecosystem

grassland

land, such as a prairie, on which grass predominates

Grassland

 

land occupied by vegetation used for making hay, senazh (a preserved feed made from sun-dried grasses), silage, and grass meal and for grazing livestock. It includes natural hayfields and pastures (also woodland and improved pastures), deer pastures, idle field temporarily used for forage purposes, and land covered with scrub or bogs, as well as cultivated pastures. In the USSR in 1971 hayfields covered 46.5 million hectares (ha), pastures 328 million ha, deer pastures about 343 million ha, idle fields 3.2 million ha, woodland hay-fields and pastures about 20 million ha, improved hayfields and pastures more than 9 million ha, and cultivated pastures about 1.5 million ha. Most of the hay and pasture fodder is obtained from natural grassland, although it is often low in productivity and requires improvement (cultivation). Cultivated hayfields and pastures produce high yields of good-quality forage.

In foreign countries where livestock raising is well developed, such as Denmark, the Netherlands, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the German Democratic Republic, all farmland is cultivated and used to produce the fodder needed. The natural grasslands of some European countries are mountain pastures (Switzerland, Austria, France) or areas covered with scrub and small forests (Finland, Sweden, Norway). There are extensive grasslands in Canada, the United States (prairie), Latin America, and the tropics (savanna).

REFERENCE

Senokosy ipastbishcha. Edited by I. V. Larin. Moscow-Leningrad, 1969.

grassland

[′gras‚land]
(ecology)
Any area of herbaceous terrestrial vegetation dominated by grasses and graminoid species.
References in periodicals archive ?
In particular, the approach is used to help address the loss of wild flower-diverse grasslands that are a precious and essential component of Europe's environmental and cultural heritage, and those futures, too.
While the Akiki trail could be closed for five to six months to allow the grasslands to regrow, trekkers could still take the Ambangi trail, which leads to the park's tower site and peak where they can observe a sea of clouds, he said.
Caption: Grasslands around Chicago are benefiting the threatened bird.
The grassland type's data were extracted from the 1: 1000000 vector vegetation map of Inner Mongolia.
Scientific and technical progress of recent decades is also felt in grasslands studies, by using Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing techniques, in identification and representation of grassland areas (Rojoiu-Mare, Mariana, Mihai, B., 2016, Cojocariu, Luminita, et al, 2015a), calculation of quantitative and qualitative indices (Romeo, J., et al, 2013, Cojocariu, Luminita, et al, 2015b), analysis of plant species (Joshi, C., et al, 2004), determining the physical and geographical conditions.
Steve said: "The unique grassland communities of the Whin Sill and the river shingles of the Tyne are two of Northumberland's most sensitive and scarce habitats, something we have a special responsibility for but which few people know much about.
All money raised will be spent on conserving the region's rare grasslands which are in decline.
Tiwari said there is no place in the country with such a large grassland.
The three-year study monitored real-world grasslands at 41 locations on five continents.
Tallgrass prairie, that once covered a vast portion of the Midwestern United States (Midwest), has been reduced to less than 4% of its original area (Samson and Knopf, 1994), and populations of grassland birds are declining, in part, due to this habitat loss (Butcher et al., 2007; Potter et al., 2007; Cooper, 2012).
The purpose of this study was to simulate the entire Sichuan grassland net primary productivity and then analyze the spatiotemporal dynamics through parameter calibration and verification for a widely accepted model.
Various methods of improved grassland management can sequester carbon in soils [14] and in below- and aboveground biomass [15].