# gravitational potential

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Related to gravitational potential: gravitational potential energy

## gravitational potential

See gravitation.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

## Gravitational Potential

a potential of force of gravitational attraction. The partial derivatives of gravitational potential with respect to given directions are equal to the components of force of attraction in those directions. The use of gravitational potential at times simplifies the study of force-field properties. This use is based on the fact that gravitational potential, being a scalar quantity, requires for its definition only the magnitudes, whereas the establishment of a force requires also the knowledge of its direction.

## gravitational potential

[‚grav·ə′tā·shən·əl pə′ten·chəl]
(mechanics)
The amount of work which must be done against gravitational forces to move a particle of unit mass to a specified position from a reference position, usually a point at infinity.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
This concept turned out to be related to Mach's principle via gravitational potential.
It means that either of gravitational potential and electromagnetic potential makes a contribution to the wave equation regarding the octonion torque, when there are the gravitational and electromagnetic fields simultaneously.
Gravitational potential measures the work needed to move against gravity from one place to another, she says.
We attempt here to draw parallels between the classical Clausius-Clapeyron equation (which describes the dependence of vapor pressure on temperature) and the escape of balls from a gravitational potential energy well.
This is so that kinetic energy and gravitational potential energy are continuously absorbed and restored by muscles and tendons (5).
Albert Einstein tells us that clocks run slower the deeper they are in the gravitational potential well of a mass-the closer they are to a heavenly body, for example.
With two spherical particles of the same size, the gravitational potential energy is given by
The gravitational field of the Earth is characterized by the so-called gravitational potential V, a scalar, which is a function of the position only.
This is gravitational potential energy, Dr Simon McClusky, an earth scientist at the Australian National University explains, referring to the energy stored in an object as a result of a change in its vertical position or height, Stuff.co.nz reported.
However, delivering 0.5 W for 18 minutes requires delivery of (0.5 W)*(18 min)*(60 sec/min) = 540 J of energy, or three times (!) the gravitational potential energy that can be extracted from the weight.

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