Fox

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Fox:

see Sac and FoxSac and Fox,
closely related Native Americans of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). Sac and Fox culture was of the Eastern Woodlands area with some Plains-area traits (see under Natives, North American).
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.

Fox,

river, 176 mi (283 km) long, rising in S central Wis. and flowing SW to within 1.5 mi (2.4 km) of Portage, Wis., on the Wisconsin River, then NE through Lake Winnebago into Green Bay, an arm of Lake Michigan, at Green Bay, Wis.; the Wolf River is its main tributary. The cities of Appleton and Oshkosh are on the Fox. Rapids at points along the river furnish water power. The river was a well-known route used by early explorers, missionaries, and fur traders to reach the Northwest and the Mississippi River system from the Great Lakes. A barge canal links the Fox and Wisconsin rivers at Portage, forming a continuous waterway from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River.

fox,

carnivorous mammal of the dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal, fox, and tanuki also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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 family, found throughout most of the Northern Hemisphere. It has a pointed face, short legs, long, thick fur, and a tail about one half to two thirds as long as the head and body, depending on the species. Solitary most of the year, foxes do not live in dens except in the breeding season; they sleep concealed in grasses or thickets, their tails curled around them for warmth. During the breeding season a fox pair establishes a den, often in a ground burrow made by another animal, in which the young are raised; the male hunts for the family. The young are on their own after about five months; the adults probably find new mates each season.

Foxes feed on insects, earthworms, small birds and mammals, eggs, carrion, and vegetable matter, especially fruits. Unlike other members of the dog family, which run down their prey, foxes usually hunt by stalking and pouncing. They are known for their raids on poultry but are nonetheless very beneficial to farmers as destroyers of rodents.

Foxes are occasionally preyed upon by larger carnivores, such as wolves and bobcats, as well as by humans and their dogs; birds of prey may capture the young. Despite extensive killing of foxes, most species continue to flourish. In Europe this is due in part to the regulatory laws passed for the benefit of hunters. Mounted foxhunting, with dogs, became popular in the 14th cent. and was later introduced into the Americas; special hunting dogs, called foxhounds, have been bred for this sport. Great Britain banned foxhunting in which the hounds kill the fox in 2005.

Types of Foxes

Most fox species belong to the red fox group, genus Vulpes. The common red fox, V. vulpes, is found in Eurasia, N Africa, and North America. It is hunted for its valuable fur and, especially in England, for sport. An extremely wary animal, it is skilled at evading traps and dodging pursuers. There are many local varieties; European red foxes are larger than those of North America, which average about 23 in. (58 cm) in body length, stand about 16 in. (41 cm) at the shoulder, and weigh about 5 to 10 lb (2.3–4.6 kg). North American red foxes inhabit areas of forest mixed with open country, from the Arctic Ocean to the S United States. Although most active at night, they are also seen by day. Coat color varies, but the tail is always tipped with white, and the legs, feet, and tips of the ears are always black. The rest of the coat is commonly reddish; black, silver, and cross (reddish, with a dark, cross-shaped region on back and shoulders) are among variations that may appear in any red fox litter. Silver fox pelts, black with white-tipped outer hairs, are much in demand; many are derived from animals raised on fox farms. From the silver fox, breeders have developed a platinum fox, whose pale gray pelt is highly valued, and (in Siberia) a tame, domesticated breed.

The arctic fox, Vulpes lagopus, is found on arctic coasts and islands; it has a circumpolar distribution. Characterized by short, rounded ears and heavily furred feet, all arctic foxes are brown to gray in summer; some turn pure white in winter, while others, called blue foxes, turn bluish gray. The blue fox, a natural variant that is more common in some areas than in others, is highly valued for its pelt, and breeders have developed all-blue strains. Although their diet includes small animals and plant matter, arctic foxes are chiefly scavengers, feeding especially on the remains of polar bears' kills.

The kit and swift foxes (V. velox and V. macrotis, respectively) are small, swift, pale gray or yellowish foxes, found on the deserts and plains of the W United States and N Mexico. Their numbers have been greatly diminished by trapping and poisoning, and they are now rare in many parts of their range. Other Vulpes species are found in Asia and Africa, among them the fennec, or desert fox (V. zerda), of the Sahara and Arabian deserts. The smallest fox and an excellent burrower, it has enormous ears and a fluffy pale cream coat.

The gray fox, Urocyon cinereoargenteus, is a New World species; it is the only fox that sometimes climbs trees. Found from the N United States to N South America, this fox is slightly larger, on the average, than the North American red fox. Its coat is salt-and-pepper above and buff-colored below; the upper side of its tail is black. Gray foxes inhabit woods, swamps, and brushy areas that afford them cover; they are more retiring and more strictly nocturnal in their habits than red foxes. Their fur is of little value. The island fox, U. littoralis, is a small fox found on California's Channel Islands; it is descended from the gray fox. Other foxes are found in South America, where those of the genus Lycalopex are also known as zorros or raposas, and Africa.

Classification

Foxes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Canidae.

Bibliography

See H. G. Lloyd, The Red Fox (1980); J. D. Henry, Red Fox: The Catlike Canine (1986).

What does it mean when you dream about a fox?

Foxes are symbols of cunning and craftiness. In older times, they were symbols of the devil. Because of the connotations of such expressions as “fox” and “foxy,” this animal has also become associated with seductive female beauty and charms.

fox

[fäks]
(computer science)
A name for the hexadecimal digit whose decimal equivalent is 15.
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for certain members of the dog family (Canidae) having relatively short legs, long bodies, large erect ears, pointed snouts, and long bushy tails.

fox

symbol of cleverness and deceit. [Animal Symbolism: Mercatante, 84–85]
See: Cunning

fox

1. any canine mammal of the genus Vulpes and related genera. They are mostly predators that do not hunt in packs and typically have large pointed ears, a pointed muzzle, and a bushy tail
2. the fur of any of these animals, usually reddish-brown or grey in colour
3. Bible
a. a jackal
b. an image of a false prophet
4. Nautical small stuff made from yarns twisted together and then tarred

Fox

1. Charles James. 1749--1806, British Whig statesman and orator. He opposed North over taxation of the American colonies and Pitt over British intervention against the French Revolution. He advocated parliamentary reform and the abolition of the slave trade
2. George. 1624--91, English religious leader; founder (1647) of the Society of Friends (Quakers)
3. Vicente . born 1942, Mexican politician; president of Mexico from 2000
4. Sir William. 1812--93, New Zealand statesman, born in England: prime minister of New Zealand (1856; 1861--62; 1869--72; 1873)
References in periodicals archive ?
We estimated the proportion of time paired foxes were together seasonally by dividing the number of times that simultaneous gray fox locations were separated by [less than or equal to] 40 m by the total number of simultaneous locations.
2003) to survey for gray foxes, coyotes, and bobcats in southern Illinois, and compared detection rates among survey methods and species.
TABLE 1--Percentages (6 SEE) of habitats available and used (range in parentheses) by three sympatric carnivores (gray fox, Urocyon cinereoargenteus; coyote, Canis latrans; and bobcat, Lynx rufus) in the Santa Monica Mountains, Ventura and Los Angeles counties, California, during May 1996-July 1999.
We generated 25,000 random points across the study area and 100 points within both the core area and home ranges for each gray fox using Hawth's Analysis Tools (Beyer, 2004).
In the literature, there are reports of predation of fox species by Golden Eagles, including Channel Island gray foxes (Urocyon littoralis) and the swift fox (Vulpes velox) of the Great Plains.
Since August 2005, five observations of gray fox have been made on Texas barrier islands (Jones 2008).
"A gray fox, to me, responds to anything well--rabbit distress, bird distress sounds, loud calling, soft calling.
Imagine the excitement of one hunter who watched a foraging bear in the woods from the safety of his portable deer stand or the family that came face to face with a gray fox. Another hunter reported a close-up view of the only mink ever seen on our property.
Just before daybreak, I saw a bushy gray fox. He had a ragged notch in his ear.
Red and gray fox, as well as coyote, are also occasionally spotted throughout the park as they look to pounce on gray squirrels or cottontail rabbits.
Gray foxes are widely distributed throughout North America (Cypher 2003), and although the International Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources lists the gray fox as a species of least concern (Fuller & Cypher 2004), recent trends in Illinois, USA, indicate that the population is declining statewide (Bluett 2007).
We used random PCR amplification and high-throughput sequencing technology to investigate viral sequences found in the spleen and lung tissues of a sick gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) from California.