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Emerged as a combination of all previous environmental movements, such as Greenpeace (1971) and other global green organizations. See Greenpeace.
green movement a social movement whose prime concern is with ecological issues (see ECOLOGY). While this is broad-based, encompassing concern over environmental pollution, preservation of wildlife and of the traditional countryside, and the control of building development, the movement has a strong political wing which has been a powerful lobby during the 1980s. The Green Party has been most in evidence in West Germany and Holland, only emerging significantly in the UK in the late 1980s, with the renaming of the Ecology Party. However, many supporters would not regard their allegiance as conventionally political, but as based on practical issues with which they can be directly involved, through their purchasing habits, their leisure pursuits, or by contributing to conservation bodies.