greenhouse effect

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Related to greenhouse effect: Greenhouse gases, global warming

greenhouse effect:

see global warmingglobal warming,
the gradual increase of the temperature of the earth's lower atmosphere as a result of the increase in greenhouse gases since the Industrial Revolution. Global warming and its effects, such as more intense summer and winter storms, are also referred to as climate
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greenhouse effect

A phenomenon in which a rise in temperature is caused because incoming radiation at certain wavelengths can pass through a barrier, be absorbed, and then re-emitted as radiation at longer wavelengths, which is absorbed by the barrier. In a glass greenhouse, solar radiation in the form of visible and (some) ultraviolet radiation is able to pass through the Earth's atmosphere and through the glass of the greenhouse. The radiation is absorbed by any surface it falls on, causing a rise in temperature. As a result these surfaces emit heat radiation (i.e. electromagnetic radiation in the infrared), which is absorbed by the glass, causing an overall increase in temperature inside the greenhouse. The analogous process occurs for a planet with the ‘glass' being the planet's atmosphere. On Earth, for example, the atmosphere allows visible and ultraviolet through, but certain gases in the atmosphere absorb strongly in the infrared. These so-called greenhouse gases include water vapor (the main greenhouse gas), carbon dioxide, and methane. The greenhouse effect is not a bad thing – it is essential for keeping the Earth warm enough to support life. However, in recent times environmentalists have become concerned about the phenomenon of global warming, i.e. an increase of 0.3–0.6°C in the average temperature of air at the Earth's surface since the late 19th century. This could be a part of a natural cycle (essentially the end of the last ‘Little Ice Age’), but there is evidence that this global warming could be the result of the greenhouse effect. The main suspect is carbon dioxide. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has risen by 25–30 % over the last 200 years as a result of human activity – deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas). Levels of methane in the atmosphere have also doubled in the last 100 years. There is a fear that an excess of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will heat the planet too much and adversely affect weather patterns. A runaway greenhouse effect is responsible for the high surface temperature of Venus, where no water exists and life is impossible. A greenhouse effect also operates in the deep atmospheres of the giant planets and on Saturn's large satellite Titan.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006

Greenhouse effect

The steady, gradual rise in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere due to the heat that is retained by layers of ozone, water vapor and carbon dioxide.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Greenhouse Effect


the atmosphere’s property of transmitting solar radiation while holding back terrestrial radiation, thereby contributing to the accumulation of heat by the earth. The atmosphere is comparatively quite transparent to shortwave solar radiation, which is almost entirely absorbed by the earth’s surface, since the albedo of the surface is generally low. The surface of the earth heats up by absorbing solar radiation and becomes a source of terrestrial, chiefly longwave, radiation. The atmosphere does not transmit this radiation very well and, in fact, almost completely absorbs it. Because of the greenhouse effect, when there is a clear sky only about 10–20 percent of the terrestrial radiation is able to pass through the atmosphere into outer space.


Kondrat’ev, K. Ia. Luchistyi teploobmen v atmosfere. Leningrad, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

greenhouse effect

[′grēn‚hau̇s i‚fekt]
The effect created by the earth's atmosphere in trapping heat from the sun; the atmosphere acts like a greenhouse.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

greenhouse effect

1. an effect occurring in greenhouses, etc., in which radiant heat from the sun passes through the glass warming the contents, the radiant heat from inside being trapped by the glass
2. the application of this effect to a planet's atmosphere; carbon dioxide and some other gases in the planet's atmosphere can absorb the infrared radiation emitted by the planet's surface as a result of exposure to solar radiation, thus increasing the mean temperature of the planet
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Boon assumed that with more scientific data available and more focus on climate change in the curriculum, that students in 2007 would understand more about the greenhouse effect, climate change and the ozone layer.
Methane is 20 times more efficient at trapping the sun's energy in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide, thereby being a major cause of the greenhouse effect.
If the recent surface warning trend were entirely ascribed to the human-produced greenhouse effect, the warming trend over a century would be modest, about 1.7 degrees Celsius.
Most scientists agree: The added C[O.sub.2] exaggerates the greenhouse effects, leading to a warmer world--and potentially big changes for the planet.
Alarm bells over the greenhouse effect first came from a Swedish scientist, Svante Arrhenius in 1896.
"We're not saying that aerosols can counteract the greenhouse effect," says lead scientist Stephen Schwartz, an atmospheric chemist at Brookhaven, "but rather that we need to know how much of a cooling effect they have so we have a clearer picture of the greenhouse effect."
Carbon dioxide is a leading cause of the greenhouse effect. Trees reduce C02 levels by taking in carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen into the atmosphere.
Environmentalists will find familiar ground reading about early concepts of population pressure, the greenhouse effect, DDT, the green revolution, genetic engineering, cloning and the diversity of life.
Set like a jewel in London's Kensington Gardens, the Serpentine Gallery is "probably the greatest art space in the world for its size," according to Ralph Rugoff, director of the CCAC Wattis Institute for Contemporary Arts (his show "The Greenhouse Effect" was presented there in 2000).
They blamed the greenhouse effect, saying it was leading to a rise in the severity and frequency of storms and droughts.
Speaking at an international conference in India, Hawking said the human race would not survive another millennium if the greenhouse effect became irreversible.
The city of Lyons is to undertake a district heating trial using biogas, an unprecedented process in France, which allows energy savings and falls within the context of the fight against the greenhouse effect. The process consists of recovering methane produced by the fermentation of waste, and transforming it into energy.