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grille,in architecture, a system of bars, usually of decorative metalwork, forming an openwork barrier or enclosure. In its usual materials of wrought iron or bronze, it has been favored for decorative treatment in all periods. Besides its almost universal function of protecting window and door openings, the grille since early medieval times has been used widely as an ornamental enclosure, especially in churches and for tombs, chapels, and shrines. An early example, of pierced bronze, is in the Church of the Nativity at Bethlehem (5th or 6th cent.). Other major grilles are those around the tombs of the Scalas, Verona (13th cent.); St. George's Chapel, Windsor (15th cent.); and the railing of the tomb of Emperor Maximilian I, Innsbruck, Austria (16th cent.). The Renaissance was remarkable for its lavish employment of decorative metalwork; in England one of the great names in the art is that of Jean Tijou (17th cent.), who executed many notable grilles at St. Paul's Cathedral and Hampton Court Palace; in 18th-century France the works of Jean Lamour, especially at Nancy, are noteworthy. But it was in Spain that the Renaissance grille reached its apex in the rejas, or monumental altar and choir screens, in the great cathedrals (see rejeríarejería
, the art of making iron screens and grilles, developed in Spain from the Romanesque period through the Renaissance. It employs chiseled and hammered metal as well as wrought iron.
..... Click the link for more information. ). The stone grilles of the Muslim world are also famous, e.g., the marble ornamentation at the Taj Mahal.
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An ornamental arrangement of bars to form a screen or partition, usually of metal, wood, stone, or concrete, to cover, conceal, decorate, or protect an opening.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
A grating or openwork barrier that is used to conceal or protect an opening in a floor, wall, or pavement.
An arrangement of wood, metal, or plastic bars placed across the front of a loudspeaker in a cabinet for decorative and protective purposes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. A grating or openwork barrier, usually of metal but sometimes of wood, stone, or reinforced concrete; used to cover, conceal, decorate, or protect an opening, as in a wall, floor, or outdoor paving.
2. A louvered or perforated covering for an air passage opening, which can be located in the wall, ceiling, or floor.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. Engineering a grating, often chromium-plated, that admits cooling air to the radiator of a motor vehicle
2. Electronics a protective screen, usually plastic or metal, in front of the loudspeaker in a radio, record player, etc.
3. Real Tennis the opening in one corner of the receiver's end of the court
4. Philately a group of small pyramidal marks impressed in parallel rows into a stamp to prevent reuse
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005