Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Idioms, Wikipedia.


History an English silver coin worth four pennies, taken out of circulation in the 17th century
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Russian grosh, Polish grosz, German Groschen; from Latin denarius grossus, a heavy coin), a coin of various periods and countries.

Coinage of the groat began in Italy in the 12th century and in many other European countries in the 13th and 14th. Initially it was a large silver coin. In the 14th and 15th centuries the weight of the groat and the quality of its metal declined and it came to be used for small change.

In Russia coinage of the grosh was started in 1654. In the 17th and 18th centuries copper groshi worth 2 kopeks were in circulation; in the 19th century the grosh came to be called a half kopek. The groat is a present-day coin of Poland and Austria: the Polish grosz equals 1/100 of a zloty (there are 50-, 20-, 10-, 5-, and 1-grosz coins in circulation), and the Austrian Groschen equals 1/100 of a Schilling (with 50-, 20-, 10-, 2-, and 1-Groschen coins in circulation). Figuratively the term “groat” is used to mean a paltry sum.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Down on the flats below the Groat residence was the post of the Northwest Company, in charge of Hughes, and the majority of this company's employees, who were of French Canadian extraction, always spoke of Hughes Fort as "Fort a Hughes," which to French ears--unfamiliar with the English name Hughes--became twisted into Fort Auguste, and finally translated into English by traders and missionaries in the last half of the 18th century as Augustus.
Pharmacies filling prescriptions, chemotherapy centers administering treatments, stand-alone imaging centers, and other providers could, by Groat's logic, be required to obtain complete patient medical records and independently verify medical necessity.
Download Groats from; or www.activeexmoor.- com.
This is interesting in that the kernel mass of the hulled genotypes included the hull, whereas the kernel mass of the naked genotypes was the groat only.
In preparing it, the groats may be cut and steamed, or they may be steamed before cutting.
Classical studies of groat protein and oil content have been largely limited to estimates of heritability, gene action, and correlation.
Yes, you knew where you were with a groat alright, and don't talk to me about these new-fangled yards either, because I only understand old-fangled measurements like rods, poles, and perches.
"The gaps tend to be in the less cuddly things: mollusks, aquatic plants," Groat laments.
Mr Groat added that his company had made great efforts in recent years injecting large amounts of capital in an attempt to keep the indoor market alive and that the decision to close the market was made reluctantly.
It is reported to be affected by kernel and groat size, groat density, hull thickness and length, and groat percentage as well as the presence of awns, diseases, and tertiary kernels (Murphy et al., 1940; Atkins, 1943; MacKey, 1959; Forsberg and Reeves, 1992).
The council refused to comment last night, and at his home on Bressay, Ken Groat said: "I'm not allowed to say anything about this."
If we have published anything that is factually inaccurate, please contact the editor, Darren Thwaites on 0191 2016498, via email at or post to: The Editor, The Chronicle, Groat Market, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, NE1 1ED and, once verified, we will correct it as soon as possible.