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History an English silver coin worth four pennies, taken out of circulation in the 17th century



(Russian grosh, Polish grosz, German Groschen; from Latin denarius grossus, a heavy coin), a coin of various periods and countries.

Coinage of the groat began in Italy in the 12th century and in many other European countries in the 13th and 14th. Initially it was a large silver coin. In the 14th and 15th centuries the weight of the groat and the quality of its metal declined and it came to be used for small change.

In Russia coinage of the grosh was started in 1654. In the 17th and 18th centuries copper groshi worth 2 kopeks were in circulation; in the 19th century the grosh came to be called a half kopek. The groat is a present-day coin of Poland and Austria: the Polish grosz equals 1/100 of a zloty (there are 50-, 20-, 10-, 5-, and 1-grosz coins in circulation), and the Austrian Groschen equals 1/100 of a Schilling (with 50-, 20-, 10-, 2-, and 1-Groschen coins in circulation). Figuratively the term “groat” is used to mean a paltry sum.

References in periodicals archive ?
Should Groat become more widely accepted, the cost of compliance with the medical-necessity requirement will increase significantly for non-physician health care providers.
This is interesting in that the kernel mass of the hulled genotypes included the hull, whereas the kernel mass of the naked genotypes was the groat only.
In preparing it, the groats may be cut and steamed, or they may be steamed before cutting.
With additive gene action, standard plant-breeding procedures, especially recurrent selection, would be useful to improve both groat protein and oil content (Campbell and Frey, 1972).
Surely it's the inalienable birthright of every true-born Brit to save up his groats for pox lotion from the apothecary, or hand over a silver testoon in his local tavern in exchange for a flagon of malmsey or a butt of sack (or, for that matter, a sackbut).
Groat percentage is a measure of the proportion of the whole oat that is recovered as groat after dehulling.
Mr Groat said: "In common with markets throughout the country, the indoor market has experienced very difficult trading conditions over recent years.
To order a copy Call into our Front Reception, Evening Chronicle, Groat Market, Newcastle, NE1 1ED.
The groat percentage of Trucker is also high and averaged 73% for 1985 and 1987 in South Dakota.
uk/buyaphoto 48 Weather 51 Family Notices 53 Celebrations 63 Sport Evening Chronicle, Groat Market, Newcastle upon Tyne.
INCREASES IN THE GROAT (CARYOPSIS) OIL CONTENT of oat would be useful for producing a higher energy feed grain (Price and Parsons, 1975).
Send your ideas - and memories - to Ray Marshall, Remember When, Evening Chronicle, Groat Market, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 1ED or write to ray.