Ground Beetles

(redirected from ground beetle)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Idioms, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ground Beetles


(Carabidae), a family of beetles. Ground beetles vary in size (2–8 cm). Many have anal glands that secrete a caustic fluid. The elytra usually cover the entire abdomen; sometimes they grow together, in which case the wings are absent or underdeveloped. The larvae are elongated, mobile, and often black and shiny; most are predaceous and some are herbivorous. Pupation takes place in soil.

Ground beetles eat mostly mollusks, insect larvae, and sometimes earthworms. Some species are herbivorous and are capable of injuring grains (grain and millet beetles and other species of the genera Zabrus, Amara, and Harpalus). They are usually active at night, hiding during the day under stones or fallen leaves. There are approximately 20,000 species, widely distributed all over the world but mainly in the temperate zone and most of all in Europe and Asia. There are more than 2,300 species in the USSR. Some species of the genera Carabus and Calosoma, particularly the European ground beetle, are very useful in forestry and orchard growing because they destroy gypsy moth caterpillars, cutworms, and slugs.


Kryzhanovskii, O. L. Zhuki-zhuzhelitsy roda Carabus Srednei Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lee, "Community structure of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) along an altitudinal gradient on Mt.
According to Lorenz (2005) the subfamily Harpalinae is the largest group of ground beetles with 19,000 species.
ISA was used to examine the extent to which individual ground beetle species were exclusive (never occurring elsewhere) and faithful (always present) to particular habitats (McCune and Grace, 2002).
The three large species of carabid ground beetles recorded here for the UAE represent an increase in the total number of species known for the country (Felix, 2009).
The Tooth Cave ground beetle is a much more active predator, and has been seen running rapidly while hunting on the cave floor (FWS 1994).
Electrophysiological responses to salts from antennal chaetoid taste sensilla of the ground beetle Pterostichus aethiops.
"In January this year a population of the blue ground beetle was con-firmed in this wood by entomologists John Walters and Dave Boyce.
The mandibles of some adult ground beetles structure, function and the evolution of herbivory (Coleoptera: Carabidae).
Spiders, wasps, toads, snakes, lady beetles, lacewings, birds, assassin bugs and ground beetles are actually feeding on the pests in our gardens - unless you have already killed them with chemical sprays.
Other researchers had observed that another species of ground beetle is extremely wary of crossing roads.