ground layer


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ground layer

[′grau̇nd ‚lā·ər]
(meteorology)
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the distribution of woody cover was variable with some areas having high cover and other areas with low cover but high stem density where woody species have not formed a canopy over the ground layer.
Titanium white was identified in an underlayer, the ground layer applied before any of the paint layers.
Analysis of the herbaceous layer and ground layer data was conducted using Non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMS), Multiple Response Permutation Procedure (MRPP) and Indicator Species Analysis (ISA).
Vegetation of the ground layer was variable depending upon past disturbances, time since fire, and density of trees.
Ground layer vegetation is sporadic and is primarily poison ivy and green briar.
of the ground layer species encountered in the Fall of 2008 in a 39-year-old abandoned field at Sand Prairie-Scrub Oak Nature Preserve, Mason County, Illinois and the I.
As another example, the Eastern Deciduous Forest contains multiple layers with large trees in the canopy, smaller trees in the understory, shrubs and groundcovers in the ground layer.
These results indicate that Lonicera removal can enhance ground layer species diversity and cover after a lag period of at least one year.
Within each sample, every barrel connected to a ground layer was identified (Figure 9--red).
1-25) he elaborates four hypotheses: (1) "The text of the Qur'an as transmitted by Muslim Orthodoxy contains, hidden behind it as a ground layer and considerably scattered throughout it (together about one-third of the whole Qur'an text), an originally pre-Islamic Christian Text" (p.
We chose 12 sites in southern Wisconsin based on their possession of (1) a scattered canopy of open-grown oaks; (2) a ground layer dominated by native plant species across the entire gradient from sunny to shady microsites; and (3) a history of fires during at least the past 10 yr.