group psychotherapy


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to group psychotherapy: group therapy

group psychotherapy,

a means of changing behavior and emotional patterns, based on the premise that much of human behavior and feeling involves the individual's adaptation and response to other people. It is a process carried out in formally organized groups of three or more individuals who seek change, whether their problem is alcoholism, overeating, or poor social skills. The composition of a group may be heterogenous or homogeneous with reference to the age of the members or the type of problem. The therapist may be directive or nondirective, allowing the group to set their own agenda for discussion. The group becomes a "sample" of the outside world, reproducing conditions of interpersonal relationships; its members jointly participate in observing personal motivation and styles of interaction. They also participate in attempting new behaviors and dealing with the consequences of such behaviors, with the intended result that they will eventually be able to employ these behavior patterns outside the group. In observing the totality of the events that take place in group therapy, the process by which elements of personality are developed in each member is also studied.

Origins of Group Therapy

The technique of formally organized group therapy is said to have been devised by J. H. Pratt in 1905. Pratt was holding general-care instruction classes for recently discharged tuberculosis patients when he noticed the impact of this experience on their emotional states. In 1925 psychoanalyst Trigant Burrow became dissatisfied with individual psychoanalysis, and began experimenting with group techniques. Burrow hoped to decrease the authoritarian position of the therapist, and to more thoroughly examine interpersonal interactions. The application of group therapy methods to prison inmates and discharged mental hospital patients was pioneered by Paul Schilder and Louis Wender in the 1930s. At that time group therapy was found to be particularly useful in the treatment of children and adolescents. The development of group therapy was given impetus during World War II, as a result of the large number of soldiers requiring treatment.

Types of Group Therapy

There are various types of group therapy; approaches include behavior therapy, psychoanalytic therapy, sensitivity training, or GestaltGestalt
[Ger.,=form], school of psychology that interprets phenomena as organized wholes rather than as aggregates of distinct parts, maintaining that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
..... Click the link for more information.
 psychology (see psychotherapypsychotherapy,
treatment of mental and emotional disorders using psychological methods. Psychotherapy, thus, does not include physiological interventions, such as drug therapy or electroconvulsive therapy, although it may be used in combination with such methods.
..... Click the link for more information.
). The composition of groups varies as well, with family therapy and marriage counseling common forms in recent years. Peer group therapy usually consists of a group of individuals who have similar problems, and can be mediated by a psychoanalyst or by the members themselves. Many people seeking help prefer this sort of group therapy over individual therapy, largely because of the comfort derived from knowing that others share their problems. The approach is nondirective, and in some cases, the individual can continue attending sessions whenever they are needed. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a well-known peer support group, run entirely by members. AA has been influential in the formation of similar groups, particularly support groups centered on addictions.

Bibliography

See S. Hearon, Group Therapy (1984); S. Bloch and E. Crouch, Therapeutic Factors in Group Psychotherapy (1987).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

group psychotherapy

[′grüp ‚sī·kō′ther·ə·pē]
(psychology)
Therapy given to a group of people by a therapist relying on the group effect on the individual and the person's interactions with the group.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
I told them I would be happy to take the position on the condition that I could meet with the patients on the unit four times a week in group psychotherapy. They scratched their heads wondering why a psychiatrist would want to talk to patients with addictions, much less meet with them in groups, but they decided to humor me.
Among women and men, Asian English speakers had lower utilization and expenditures than whites in all categories, although in a few cases, the differences were not statistically significant (group psychotherapy for women, inpatient care for men, structured outpatient for both men and women).
Group Therapy: A Group Analytic Approach places group psychotherapy in a much needed, albeit cumbersome context.
Henry Kellerman, Ph.D., is the author of many related books of importance including, from The American Mental Health Foundation, Anatomy of Delusion; Group Psychotherapy and Personality: A Theoretical Model; Personality: How It Forms; and There's No Handle on My Door: Stories of Patients in Mental Hospitals.
Another Palestinian initiative based in Ramallah came from the Treatment and Rehabilitation Center for Torture Victims in partnership with the International Association for Group Psychotherapy and Group Processes, developing a three-year training program for psychodrama and group therapy.
The fourth original article by Youguo Tan et al investigated the clinical effects of integrated group psychotherapy for elderly patients with senile depression.[5] One hundred elderly patients with senile depression were divided into the experiment group (n=50) and the control group (n=50) randomly.
Cernero, Strawn, & Abernethy offer an integrated theoretical model for group psychotherapy. Vande Kemp provides a review of literature dealing with death of the analyst.
The use of psychodrama in the treatment of group psychotherapy of alcohol and substance dependents.
The collaborative work of Jan Paul Hook (a licensed clinical professional counselor in the state of Illinois who does individual, marital, and group psychotherapy); Joshua N.
Mr Guerin told the court O'Brien has completed 312 hours of group psychotherapy treatment since April 2014 which he said was a practical indication of remorse and efforts at rehabilitation.
He set up a weekly group psychotherapy session, which he ran for more than 40 years.
A study in The Lancet by Spiegel et al (1989) showed that the survival of women with metastatic breast cancer, who participated in group psychotherapy, was twice as long as those randomly assigned to standard medical care.

Full browser ?