grove


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Related to grove: dictionary, Bohemian Grove

grove

a small wooded area or plantation

Grove

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

A term equivalent in many ways to the word "coven," and used by various Pagans.

In the early 1960s in America, there were few visible Witchcraft covens, which made it difficult for many people who were drawn to the religion to actually make contact and become initiated. In 1967, Ed Fitch (a member of the original Gardnerian coven in New York that was started in 1964 by Rosemary and Raymond Buckland) authored The Pagan Way to serve as an "Outer Court" system through which anyone could become involved in Paganism. With the book, they could perform rituals and follow the cycle of the Wiccan year until they were really taken into an actual Wiccan coven. The groups under this system were originally termed "Groves."

Fitch based his idea of an Outer Court on a concept put forward by Dion For- tune in her novels. Fitch's writings later developed into a whole "Grimoire of Shadows" that was adopted as a true Wiccan path by many groups that were, at the time, using the term coven as a group name. The word Grove has come to be used by a wide variety of neo-Pagans today, both as a group name and in reference to a meeting place or temple.

References in classic literature ?
"Are you, sir knight, in love perchance?" asked he of the Grove of Don Quixote.
"That is true," returned he of the Grove, "if scorn did not unsettle our reason and understanding, for if it be excessive it looks like revenge."
The chief appeared to be in an extraordinary flow of spirits and gave me to understand that on the morrow there would be grand doings in the Groves generally, and at the Ti in particular; and urged me by no means to absent myself.
It was not long before Kory-Kory and myself were left alone in the house, the rest of its inmates having departed for the Taboo Groves. My valet was all impatience to follow them; and was as fidgety about my dilatory movements as a diner out waiting hat in hand at the bottom of the stairs for some lagging companion.
"So extremely like Maple Grove! And it is not merely the house the grounds, I assure you, as far as I could observe, are strikingly like.
I was quite a proverb for it at Maple Grove. Many a time has Selina said, when she has been going to Bristol, `I really cannot get this girl to move from the house.
She is at another gate now--that leading into Fir-tree Grove. She enters the wood, where it is already twilight, and at every step she takes, the fear at her heart becomes colder.
the parson and the young squire, who were taking a serious walk, arrived at the stile which leads into the grove, and the latter caught a view of the lovers just as they were sinking out of sight.
He explained his absence by saying that he had a headache and went out into the fresh air, but had gone no further than the oak grove. When we then described to him the whole route he had followed, he sat up in bed trembling.
382-387) Thus spoke the lord, far-working Apollo, and pushed over upon her a crag with a shower of rocks, hiding her streams: and he made himself an altar in a wooded grove very near the clear-flowing stream.
You have noticed, of course, the peculiar sinuous way in which Lady Arabella moves--well, I feel certain that the white thing that I saw in the wood was the mistress of Diana's Grove!"
It seemed as if somebody on the other side of this screen had been insinuating doubts of Mr Groves's prowess, and had thereby given rise to these egotistical expressions, for Mr Groves wound up his defiance by giving a loud knock upon it with his knuckles and pausing for a reply from the other side.