silversides

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silversides

silversides, common name for small shore fishes, belonging to the family Antherinidae, abundant in the warmer waters of the Atlantic and Pacific, and named for the silvery stripe on either side of the body. Silversides, known commercially as whitebait, eat insects and small crustaceans. The small (3 in./7.5 cm) tidewater silversides, Menidia menidia, is found along the Atlantic coast; the similar brook silversides is a freshwater species. Larger and better known is the California grunion (5–8 in./12.5–20 cm), which rides in on high tides to lay its eggs in the sand. Beached grunions are collected by hand in large quantities. Other Pacific silversides are the top smelts and jack smelts, important to California's fisheries. Silversides are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Atheriniformes, family Antherinidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Silversides

 

(family Atherinidae), fish from the suborder Mugiloidea. Most silversides are up to 15 cm in length, and certain species are as long as 30 cm. The eggs of many species have filiform processes by which they attach themselves to vegetation. Silversides are found in the littoral areas of seas in the tropics, the subtropics, some parts of the temperate zones, and more rarely in fresh water. In the USSR there are three species of silversides in the Black, Azov, and Caspian seas. They have also been introduced into the Aral Sea. They feed on small invertebrates and in turn serve as food for many commercial fish. Some silversides—for example, the grunion—are commercially important.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Engineer Chris Harvey, co-director of Viewport3, said the project was "incredibly exciting" to work on but also humbling, as the USS Grunion is the "final resting place for 70 sailors" who were lost in 1942 off the island of Kiska.
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Tidal influence progressively became restricted to the periods of highest spring tides in the middle of the night about every two weeks (grunion tides).
Stevens presents Fatal Dive: Solving the World War II Mystery of the USS Grunion, which investigates the mystery of an American submarine and her seventy-man that vanished beneath the waves in 1942, never to surface again.
So my SoCal cowabunga lifestyle of Coppertone, jellyfish, sand, surf, fire pits, grunion runs, and pot was interspersed with noise from ground-pounding earthmovers, jet contrails, and destruction.
It will outshine any grunion run, both in size and number.
"Did you know," I asked, feeling that the subject of Mr Speaking's bunion had not been exhausted, "that 'bunion' is the only word in English apart from 'grunion' that rhymes with 'onion'?
Lethal and sublethal effects of altered sand salinity on embryos of beach-spawning California Grunion. Copeia 2: 484-491.
The eggs of some marine and brackish-water fish can also remain out of water for a significant period before hatching: diamond killifish Adinia xenica eggs can survive up to 24 days, California grunion Leuresthes tenuis eggs up to 35 days, mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus eggs up to 37 days, and marsh killifish Fundulus confluentus eggs up to 80 days (Martin 1999).
If you're on the beaches when the moon is full and the tide high during the summer months you could enjoy the Grunion Run, when thousands of little grunion fish swim ashore at night to mate and lay eggs in the sand.
Become a grunion (an apprentice surfie) when you book lessons that'll have you standing on the board before you can yell "duck".It's pounds 35 for a half-day and pounds 55 for a fullday from www.iwantoneofthose.com
Local California newspaper the Grunion Gazette recently reported that Long Beach Transit (LBT) expects to receive next month the first of its 26 new hybrid electric transit demonstration buses.