guard


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Related to guard: guardian, vanguard

guard

1. Brit the official in charge of a train
2. Sport an article of light tough material worn to protect any of various parts of the body
3. Basketball
a. the position of the two players in a team who play furthest from the basket
b. a player in this position
4. the posture of defence or readiness in fencing, boxing, cricket, etc.
5. take guard Cricket (of a batsman) to choose a position in front of the wicket to receive the bowling, esp by requesting the umpire to indicate his position relative to the stumps
6. give guard Cricket (of an umpire) to indicate such a position to a batsman

Guard

 

an armed detachment appointed to protect and defend military objectives or to render military honors.

In the Soviet armed forces there are garrison (camp) and interior (ship) guards and honor guards. Garrison and interior guards are composed of the commander of the guard, who may be an officer or a sergeant, depending on the importance of the object and the number of posts; privates of the guard, their number depending on the number of posts and shifts; and if necesssary a deputy commander and corporals of the guard. For the protection and defense of the military objects, sentries are assigned—armed soldiers (privates of the guard) directly in charge of the protection and defense of the posts entrusted to them.

Honor guards are appointed for the welcome at the garrison of the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, the generalissimo of the Soviet Union, the minister of defense of the USSR, marshals of the Soviet Union, and admirals of the Fleet of the Soviet Union. Moreover, an honor guard may also be assigned to banners carried at formal sessions, the unveiling of state monuments, the welcome and escorting of representatives of foreign states, and the funerals of servicemen and of civilians who have rendered special services to the state. An honor guard is composed of infantry units from platoon to company level and a band. An honor guard may also be composed only of officers and sergeants.

I. I. ANDRONOV

guard

[gärd]
(engineering)
A shield or other fixture designed to protect against injury.
(mining engineering)
A support in front of a roll train to guide the bar into the groove.

guard

(programming)
1. In functional programming, a Boolean expression attached to a function definition specifying when (for what arguments) that definition is appropriate.

2. In (parallel) logic programming, a Boolean expression which is used to select a clause from several alternative matching clauses.

See Guarded Horn Clauses.

3. In parallel languages, a Boolean expression which specifies when an message may be sent or received.
References in classic literature ?
The guard, the coachman, and the two other passengers eyed him distrustfully.
Here a fresh-looking barmaid serves them each with a glass of early purl as they stand before the fire, coachman and guard exchanging business remarks.
There we found several other guards, and with them the red Martian youth who occupied another cell upon Shador.
There was only one other place in the river for a fish-trap, but, when my father and I and a dozen other men started to make a very large trap, the guards came from the big grass-house we had built for Dog-Tooth.
cried the guard with the lantern, mounting into his little seat behind.
During this time, the guards who had seized Cornelius busied themselves in charitably informing their prisoner of the usages and customs of Loewestein, which however he knew as well as they did.
The guards who watch the women remain in the corridor outside the sleeping chamber, while female slaves pace back and forth among the sleepers within, ready to notify the warriors should their presence be required.
This one was in the dress of a student, and one of the guards said he was a great talker and a very elegant Latin scholar.
As the mayor had foreseen, the sight of the guards had exasperated the mob.
The body of the guard, not having the eyes of its head to guide it, ran here and there in an aimless manner, and the shaggy man easily dodged it and opened the door.
This was the brilliant charge of the Horse Guards that amazed the French themselves.
The two guards led the prisoner toward the table, and upon a sign from the commissary drew back so far as to be unable to hear anything.