guitar


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.
Related to guitar: violin, Guitar tabs

guitar,

musical instrument related to the lutelute,
musical instrument that has a half-pear-shaped body, a fretted neck, and a variable number of strings, which are plucked with the fingers. The long lute, with its neck much longer than its body, seems to have been older than the short lute, existing very early in the
..... Click the link for more information.
, modern guitars normally having six strings that are plucked with the fingers or strummed with a pick. Earlier versions had pairs of strings like the lute. The guitar usually has a flat back, sides that curve inward to form a waist, and a fretted neck. Other forms of the guitar include the 12-stringed guitar; the steel guitar, played with a metal bar to produce a sliding tone; the electric guitar; and the 4-stringed bass guitar, which, like the electric guitar, is a fixture of rock musicrock music,
type of music originating in the United States in the mid-1950s and increasingly popular throughout much of the world. Origins of Rock

Essentially hybrid in origin, rock music includes elements of several black and white American music styles: black
..... Click the link for more information.
 and is electronically amplified.

The traditional classical, as opposed to electric guitar, appeared as early as the 12th cent. in Spain, the country with which it is particularly associated. It was very popular there in the 16th cent., when much music was written for it. The composer Fernando Sor (1778–1839) was a brilliant guitarist who wrote many important works for that instrument. In the late 19th cent. there was revived interest in the guitar, aroused largely by the playing of Francisco Tárrega (1852–1909), one of the greatest guitar players of all time. Andrés SegoviaSegovia, Andrés
, 1893–1987, Spanish guitarist. Segovia studied at the Granada Musical Institute. He is famous for his transcriptions of early contrapuntal music, which have shown the possibilities of the guitar as a concert instrument.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was one of the foremost contemporary classical guitarists; he did much to stimulate interest in the instrument and its repertory, especially in 16th-century music.

Bibliography

See H. Turnbull, The Guitar from the Renaissance to the Present (1974); J. Tyler, The Early Guitar (1980); T. Wheeler, American Guitars (1982).

Guitar

 

a plucked stringed instrument. It consists of a body with a narrow waist and flat soundboards, the upper one with a circular sound hole in its center; a neck holding a fretted finger board; and a head with tuning pegs. Originally, gut strings were used, but later those made of metal and nylon gained acceptance.

A guitar with four courses of paired strings was well known in 13th-century Spain. In the 17th century, a guitar with five courses, known as the Spanish guitar, gained acceptance in Italy and other European countries and in America. In Europe the instrument became very popular in the middle of the 18th century. At this time the guitar with five courses of strings began to be replaced by one with six single strings, which was tuned by fourths and thirds. In Russia, and to some extent in Poland, a seven-stringed guitar tuned by thirds (known as the Russian guitar) gained currency. Guitars with more strings were also produced. (Bass strings were added.)

Used mainly to provide accompaniment for singing, the instrument is also employed in chamber groups and solo work. It has become a folk instrument in several countries. N. Paganini wrote for the guitar, as did several outstanding 20th-century composers, including M. de Falla and H. Villa-Lobos. Prominent foreign guitarists are M. Giuliani (Italy); F. Sor, F. Tarrega, and A. Segovia (Spain); and M. L. Anido (Argentina). A. O. Sikhra, M. T. Vysotskii, M. D. Sokolovskii, and A. M. Ivanov-Kramskoi are outstanding Russian guitarists. The solo concert performances of guitar virtuosos are very successful.

Special guitar instruments that appeared in the 20th century are the Hawaiian and orchestral, or jazz, guitars. The Hawaiian guitar is held flat in the lap, and the sound is produced through use of a special plectrum and by pressing the strings against the fingerboard with a metal bar. The orchestral, or jazz, guitar has f holes, as does a violin, and it is also played with a plectrum.

REFERENCES

Ivanov, M. Russkaia semistrunnaia gitara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Vol’man, B. Gitara v Rossii. Leningrad, 1961.
Vol’man, B. Gitara i gitaristy. Leningrad, 1968.
Buek, F. Die Gitarre und ihre Meister, 3rd ed. Berlin [1952].
Pujol, E. La guitarra y su historia. Buenos Aires [1932].
Powrozniak, J. Gitara od A do Z. [Kraków, 1966.]

B. L. VOL’MAN

guitar

Music a plucked stringed instrument originating in Spain, usually having six strings, a flat sounding board with a circular sound hole in the centre, a flat back, and a fretted fingerboard. Range: more than three octaves upwards from E on the first leger line below the bass staff
References in periodicals archive ?
With a Full Access subscription to the Guitar Tricks Android app, users will get access to:
For more information on the Guitar Hero Air Guitar Rocker, visit www.
I Can Play Guitar includes a cartridge featuring six popular songs for the guitar.
There are also instrumentals: King shines on the electronica-tinged "Gay Sons of Lesbian Mothers," while "Ahuvati" is downright cinematic with its ripples of Spanish guitar and wall of strings.
Fisk has also expanded the repertoire for guitar through groundbreaking transcriptions of works by Bach, Scarlatti, Haydn, Mozart, Paganini and others, as well as through commissions from composers as varied as Luciano Berio, Leonardo Balada, Robert Beaser and Kurt Schwertsik.
Allen may be America's best-known executive guitar collector, but there are lots more.
All proceeds from the auction of the guitar are being donated to help fund research to combat Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, the sudden and unexplained death of an infant under 1 year of age.
In addition, the historical coverage extends to discussions (and source lists) beyond France, Italy, Spain, and England, to the cultivation of the Spanish guitar in the Low Countries, Scandinavia, Germany, the Austrian Empire, Portugal, the New World, and the guitar's use in ensembles and in accompanying Italian monody.
Other than that, it's mostly just Reis laying down the basic guitar, track and Froberg painting over the top.
Musician Livingston Taylor played one of Taylor's specially made guitars as the new Liberty Tree was presented to city officials.
One of the major movers has been the Gibson Guitar Corporation.
Gail Bickert sometimes gets sawdust in her hair as she files a mahogany guitar neck.