gum arabic

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Wikipedia.

gum arabic

a gum exuded by certain acacia trees, esp Acacia senegal: used in the manufacture of ink, food thickeners, pills, emulsifiers, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gum Arabic


a hard, transparent substance secreted by various species of acacia; a viscous fluid that hardens in air and dissolves in water, forming a gluey, slightly acidic solution. Gum arabic was formerly used in many branches of industry as an adhesive, but it is losing its importance increasingly with the development of polymer production.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

gum arabic

[′gəm ′ar·ə·bik]
A water-soluble gum obtained from acacia trees in Africa and Australia; produced commercially as a white powder; used in the manufacture of inks and adhesives, in textile finishing, and as the principal binder in watercolor and gouache. Also known as acacia gum; gum Kordofan; gum Senegal.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

gum arabic, acacia, gum acacia

A white, powdery, water-soluble gum, extracted from certain acacia trees; used in the manufacture of adhesives and transparent paints.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Director of the Department of International Organizations at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ambassador Kamal Jubara affirmed the importance of the concerted efforts of all partners and stakeholders, namely UNCTAD, which is sponsoring the conference, the 15 African countries producers of Gum Arabic, the African Union as well as the producers and importers, praising the arrangements made by the committee in preparation for the convening of the event in Khartoum and on time.
Pitchaon et al [24] observed that a combination of maltodextrin and gum Arabic produced better encapsulation for phenolic antioxidants, with higher EE.
Hence, the gum Arabic belt will continue to be the main stable factor for supply of potable water and a place for food security and a strategic location for food security to Arab and African countries.
As for the cementing material factor, polyvinyl acetate excelled compared to gum arabic with similar behavior for the variables GSI and MGT.
Daily intake of Gum Arabic showed no significant change on hemoglobin concentration (P value=0.6).
Abdel-Gader pointed out that they recently agreed with the United Nations to establish the African Gum Arabic Council headquarters in Khartoum, expecting demand for the commodity would significantly increase during the coming period.
Effective application of gum arabic in paper manufacturing, meat processing, and processing vegetable juices
In this attention, Gum Arabic (GA) or Acacia gum is an edible biopolymer obtained as exudates of mature trees of Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal which grow principally in the African region of Sahe in Sudan.
All the coating treatments exhibited less fruit loss than control fruit and the lowest weight loss was observed in 12% gum arabic coated bell pepper fruit.
At the end of the storage period, the sample G30, formulated with 30% of gum arabic, showed solid contents higher than 90% due to the lower initial water content and lower water absorption rates along the storage.