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see elmelm,
common name for the Ulmaceae, a family of trees and shrubs chiefly of the Northern Hemisphere. Elm trees (genus Ulmus) have a limited use as hardwoods for timber, especially the rock or cork elm (U. thomasi).
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One of the oldest foraged foods, going back half a million years. Tiny berries 1/4 inch (.63cm) on tree from fall to spring. Orange-red when ripe. Berries are thin skin around large, hard seed. Seed is also edible. Skin can be sucked off, but best way to consume is to crush entire berries in mortar and pestle into a sweet delicious nutritious mush. This paste can be eaten raw or dried into a “food bar”. Seeds can be blended and strained into a milk just like almond milk. Tree bark is lumpy with wart-like growths all over it. Indians used hackberry for sore throats, colds and menstrual regulation.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Celtis), a genus of deciduous or more rarely evergreen trees of the family Ulmaceae. The leaves are asymmetrical and serrated, with three veins at the base. The blossoms are opaque and polygamous, with a simple five-membered perianth. The fruit is a drupe. There are about 50 species in tropical and arid regions of the temperate zones in the western and eastern hemispheres. In the USSR there are two species. Caucasian hackberry (C. caucasicd) is a tree up to 20 m tall with grayish green downy leaves that grows in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. Smooth hackberry (C. glabratd) is 4– m tall and grows on dry rocky slopes of the Crimea and Caucasus.

Hackberry is widely used for greenery and for protective for-estation, especially in arid regions. The fruit is edible; the leavesare used for animal fodder and the bark in tanning hides. Thewood is hard and durable; it is used in cabinetry, woodworking, and carving.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Celtis occidentalis. A tree of the eastern United States characterized by corky or warty bark, and by alternate, long-pointed serrate leaves unequal at the base; produces small, sweet, edible drupaceous fruit.
Any of several other trees of the genus Celtis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although it is the state's largest, the hackberry wasn't quite big enough to surpass the largest recorded hackberry in Findlay, Ohio.
As part of a National Science Foundation grant, she found herself at the South Platte River near Sterling, Colorado, during the hot summer, where three full-grown hackberry trees were growing.
During the mid-1990s, I collected thousands of hackberry fruits from trees all across the Midwest.
Vegetation along this axis transitioned from areas dominated by oaks, alligator juniper, and manzanita (Arctostaphylos pungens) that loaded negatively on this axis to areas dominated by netleaf hackberry, Arizona sycamore, Acacia and Mimosa species, and other areas with high vegetation volume in the understory and midstory that loaded positively on this axis.
While the trunks of several tree species were examined, including those of American elm (Minus americana L.), common hackberry, boxelder (Acer negundo L.), and peachleaf willow (Salix amygdaloides Andersson),adults were found exclusively on the trunks of green ash.
2) Business Activity: Operation of the Cameron LNG receipt terminal in Hackberry, Louisiana, USA.
Hackberry bark is at its best on a clear wintry day when no leafy canopy obstructs the sun, and when the sun is low enough to glance sideways off the gray bark's arranged ridges.
Earning a living on the water is a struggle for the members, so Susan Meaux, her husband and other fishers in Hackberry formed the co-op in the hope that it would strengthen their businesses and increase their access to resources.
A nice looking, multipurpose species, hackberry is popular with wildlife and birds, which dote on its purple-toned fruit.
This complicated but utterly compelling tale finds Sheriff Hackberry Holland in a three-way manhunt - and it's the religious maniac who's most disturbing.
I scraped it into a Texas grapefruit box, covered it with carpet scraps, and buried the carton in a pile of hackberry branches downed by a year's violent weather.