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(hädēth`), a tradition or the collection of the traditions of MuhammadMuhammad
[Arab.,=praised], 570?–632, the name of the Prophet of Islam, one of the great figures of history, b. Mecca. Early Life

Muhammad was the son of Abdallah ibn Abd al-Muttalib and his wife Amina, both of the Hashim clan of the dominant Kuraish (Quraysh)
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, the Prophet of Islam, including his sayings and deeds, and his tacit approval of what was said or done in his presence. The term, which literally refers to an individual tradition, is also used as a synonym of sunna, the normative custom of the Prophet and his companions, and as the name of a scholarly discipline. Hadith, as a discipline, consists of two branches, the first concerned with the validation of the individual traditions through the process of biographic examination of its chain of transmitters back to the Prophet (isnad), and the second concentrating on the actual content of the validated traditions (matn) as a source of religious authority. Since the formalization of Islam, this source of authority has been viewed as second only to the Qur'an. Hadith currently exists in two main sets of collections, corresponding to the Sunni and Shiite division within Islam. Sunni Islam recognizes as authoritative the collections of Bukhari and Muslim followed in importance by those of Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, an-Nasai, and Ibn Maja. Shiite Islam accepts only traditions traced through Ali's family. The major Shiite collections are those of al-Kulini, al-Babuya al-Qummi, and al-Tusi.


See W. A. Graham, Divine Word and Prophetic Word in Early Islam (1977); G. H. A. Juynboll, Muslim Tradition (1981).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Arabic), the recorded traditions based on incidents from the life of, or pronouncements by, Muhammad and his companions. Studies by I. Goldziher and C. Snouck Hurgronje have shown that the greater part of the Hadith date from the late seventh and early eighth centuries, when it became apparent that the precepts of the Koran could not resolve all the legal and ethical problems of Muslim society. In the ninth to tenth centuries, tens of thousands of Hadith were grouped according to subject and given permanent form in six manuscript collections. This body of work came to be known as the sunna and became one of the sources of Muslim law.

Each Hadith consists of the basic text, or matn, conveying its factual content, and the list of supporting authorities, or isnad —that is, the chain of individuals through whom the text was transmitted to the compiler. Of the six canonical collections of Hadith, two were regarded as the most authoritative and were called “the authentic ones” (as-Sahihani, literally Health)— namely, those compiled by al-Bukhari (810–70) and by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj (or al-Nishapuri, 817–74). The Hadith were a significant influence in the development of Arabic literature.


Krymskii. A. E. Istoriia musul’manstva, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1904. Part 1.
Shmidt, A. E. “Ocherki istorii islama kak religii.” In the collection Mirislama, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 32–55; no. 2, pp. 185–202; no. 4, pp. 562–81. St. Petersburg, 1912.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
When contacted to verify whether such a hadith exists, Perlis Mufti Datuk Mohd Asri Zainul Abidin explained that the Prophet never expressed the sentiment that one must not declare their wealth to the public if granted so by God.
Awwad said the complex, to be based in Madinah - the Prophet's city, would be a reference to all the correct and authentic Prophet's Hadiths and actions.
The cleric based his fatwa on a flawed interpretation of a Hadith .
He also argues emphatically that dissent was an integral part of the methodologies of early jurisprudence, and ijtihad was "the real stuff" of Islamic law, not hadiths. His critique of the so-called "great synthesis" theory culminates in his call for a "four school" paradigm to replace the "four sources" paradigm that Western scholars generally promote as the mature, formative articulation of Islamic law.
Ahmad Zahid noted that two guidelines were currently being prepared to implement the hadith control functions, namely the Guidelines for Publishing Hadith and the Guidelines for Assessment and Review of Hadith by the HARC, according to Malaysia's National News Agency (Bernama).
In the end, it is quite clear that Doy-an interprets these hadiths in favor of supporting Osama Bin Laden.
To him, it is clear that this Hadith calls for the preservation of the prophet's bloodline, i.e., that of the Hashemites.
Il a, dans un premier temps, brosse un tableau de la signification du mot Hadith qui, selon les theologiens musulmans, englobe tout ce qui a ete rapporte du Prophete Sidna Mohammed comme actes ou paroles et qui sont a meme d'aider a comprendre et a expliciter les preceptes de la religion, ajoutant que le Tout Puissant a ordonne a son prophete de transmettre son message et d'en vulgariser le contenu, d'oE l'importance de ces hadiths dans la connaissances des preceptes et de la morale.
You will discover the answer if you study the Koran and the literature of the hadith, which recounts the sayings and actions of the Prophet.
Summary: The door is now open for all young men and women up to 22 years to participate in the 16th edition of the Sharjah Holy Quran and Hadith Award.
The attempt to doubt his existence one day, and in his hadiths the next, cannot be separated.
Thus they would be able to identify and ascertain the position of the hadiths. Thus it is with full confidence they are of the opinion that khabar Mutaw'atir creates daruriy knowledge (Ibn Qayyim n.d: 454).