Hemoptysis

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hemoptysis

[hē′mäp·tə·səs]
(medicine)
Discharge of blood from the larynx, trachea, bronchi, or lungs.

Hemoptysis

 

the expectoration of blood with the sputum.

Hemoptysic sputum may be blood-streaked or mixed with blood (”rusty sputum”). Pure blood may be spit up, scarlet and sometimes in large quantities (for example, in pulmonary hemorrhage). Hemoptysis is seen with tuberculosis and bronchiectasis; with tumors, inflammations, abscesses, and infarctions of a lung; with certain heart diseases; and with diseases of the blood system. Hemoptysis can be caused by the ulceration or rupture of a blood vessel, congestion in the lungs, or increased permeability of the walls of the small blood vessels. Sometimes it occurs when blood flows into the respiratory passages as a result of a nosebleed or bleeding gums. The first aid for hemoptysis involves placing the victim in a semi-recumbent position with an icebag on his chest. He should not be allowed to talk. The condition is treated by eliminating the primary cause and administering hemostatics.

References in periodicals archive ?
Squamous cell carcinoma being the central type of malignancy presented with cough (66.7%) and haemoptysis (83.3%) as the predominant symptoms.
Lim, "Cause, treatment and outcome of patients with life-threatening haemoptysis," Singapore Medical Journal, vol.
There were bilateral mid and lower zone inspiratory crackles and he had small volume haemoptysis. There were no focal neurological signs.
Massive haemoptysis occurred along with transient oxygen desaturation.
The increase in creatinine and onset of proteinuria with active urinary sediment led to renal biopsy, the histology of which supported the diagnosis of GPA in the setting of the past history of haemoptysis, hearing loss, tinnitus, and positive serological markers for p-ANCA and MPO.
Rozanes et al., "Endovascular therapy in the management of moderate and massive haemoptysis," British Journal of Radiology, vol.
The pulmonary physician in critical care: illustrative case 7--assessment and management of massive haemoptysis. Thorax.
Lung crackle on auscultation, haemoptysis and death was evident in two pups.
Revised Geneva score Previous PE or DVT 3 Heart rate 75-94beats/min 3 [greater than or equal to] 95 beats/min 5 Surgery or fracture within the past 2 month Haemoptysis 2 Active cancer 2 Unilateral lower limb pain 3 Pain on lower limb deep venous 4 palpation and unilateral oedema Age 65 > years 1 Clinical probability--three-level score Low 0-3 Intermediate 4-10 High [greater than or equal to] 11 Wells score Previous PE or DVT 1.5 Heart rate [greater than or equal to] 1.5 100 beats/min Surgery/immobilization within the past 1.5 four weeks Haemoptysis 1 Active cancer 1 Clinical signs of DVT 3 Alternative diagnosis less likely 3 than PE Clinical probability--three-level score Low 0-1 Intermediate 2-6 High [greater than or equal to] 7
There was no history of cough, haemoptysis, fever with chills or history of tuberculosis in the past.
While chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing that persists for three or more weeks, coughing up bloody sputum from deep inside the lungs, unexplained weight loss, consistent low-grade fever, chills, haemoptysis, excessive night sweats, loss of appetite etc., are symptoms of the lungs-TB, acute back pain and blood in urine can indicate TB of the spine and of the kidneys respectively.
Shortness of breath was the most common symptom, present in 354 patients (83.5%); other symptoms were chest pain (n=130, 30.7%), limb swelling (n=53, 12.5%) and haemoptysis (n=27, 6.4%).