hair cell


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hair cell

[′her ‚sel]
(histology)
The basic sensory unit of the inner ear of vertebrates; a columnar, polarized structure with specialized cilia on the free surface.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study, however, was sparked by evidence of the possible benefits of inhibiting p27, particularly to aid regeneration of sensory hair cells of the inner ear to combat hearing loss.
We evaluated the ototoxic effect of aminoglycosides on the outer hair cells of newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) by means of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) testing.
But new research reveals that supporting cells in the ear can turn into hair cells in newborn mice.
The hair cell in Figure 4 has four neurons synapsing on it, and the size of each ending is different.
Eight weeks after treatment, we found new auditory hair cells in the Atohl-treated ears of the research animals," reports Dr.
For example, scientists studying altered blood flow in the cochlea are seeking the effect on the hair cells.
This may revolutionize the way we think about the hair cells in the inner ear," Lysakowski said.
We recently demonstrated that NF-[kappa]B is important to the survival of immature mammalian hair cells.
When you understand the nuts and bolts of how the hair cell works, you can understand how it goes wrong and can set about learning how to fix it.
They are already using the platform employed for this study - which involves cells from mouse ears, and tests of hearing and hair cell damage in guinea pigs - to test other promising novel drugs synthesized based on the theoretical framework that was driving the current research.
The regeneration takes place when cells that support each hair cell divide to produce a new hair cell and a new supporting cell.
Hair cell loss is caused by genetic mutations, autoimmune disease, ototoxic medications (e.