hair cell


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Wikipedia.

hair cell

[′her ‚sel]
(histology)
The basic sensory unit of the inner ear of vertebrates; a columnar, polarized structure with specialized cilia on the free surface.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Using genetic tools in mice, researchers say they have identified a pair of proteins that precisely control when sound-detecting cells, known as hair cells, are born in the mammalian inner ear.
Liberman, "Postnatal maturation of auditory-nerve heterogeneity, as seen in spatial gradients of synapse morphology in the inner hair cell area," Hearing Research, vol.
Although we have shown outer hair cell damage in our study through SEM, the causes of ototoxicity need to be explained at the molecular level in future studies.
Troiani, "Water-soluble Coenzyme Q10 formulation (Q-ter) promotes outer hair cell survival in a guinea pig model of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL)," Brain Research, vol.
Type 2 diabetes alters the functional status of outer hair cells in the cochlea.
Of the transplanted mIESCs in the scala media, 42.6 [+ or -] 5.7% were positive for the hair cell marker myosin VIIa.
The total number of possible hair cell bundles did not differ among groups [one-way ANOVA; F(1, 58) = 0.95, P = 0.33].
But new research reveals that supporting cells in the ear can turn into hair cells in newborn mice.
Selective inner hair cell loss in premature infants and cochlea pathological patterns from neonatal intensive care unit autopsies.
giant Pfizer is arguably the most advanced of the big players, with a drug in initial Phase I clinical testing trial for age-related sensorineural hearing loss that looks to enhance the function of existing hair cells.
The cellular basis for aminoglycoside hearing loss is a destruction of cochlear hair cells, specifically the outer hair cells.