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arranging of the hair for decorative, ceremonial, or symbolic reasons. Primitive men plastered their hair with clay and tied trophies and badges into it to represent their feats and qualities. Among women, a band to keep the hair from the eyes was the forerunner of the fillet. Much early hairdressing is traditional, as in the feather tufts or stiffened coronet of some primitive peoples, the queue of the Chinese, the tonsure of ecclesiastics, the flowing locks of the maid, and the bound or cut tresses of the wife. From ancient times hair has been dyed, bleached, curled, braided, waxed and oiled, hennaed, powdered, perfumed, cut, shaved, enhanced with false hair, covered with a wigwig,
arrangement of artificial or human hair worn to conceal baldness, as a disguise, or as part of a costume, either theatrical, ceremonial, or fashionable. In ancient Egypt the wig was worn to protect the head from the sun; short-haired and in many tiers or long and thickly
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, concealed by nets and veils, or adorned with beads, jewels, pins, combs, feathers, ribbons, and flowers, natural and artificial. In the world of fashion, hairdressing developed as an art during the Middle Ages, when an appropriate coiffure became as important as the proper costume. Since that time, styles, especially for women, have been created and re-created, from long to short, from the high pompadour or use of chignons to the close bob, in a repetitive cycle. In the 1960s and 1970s hair styles for men in the United States and Western Europe changed dramatically from short fashions, popular since the late 18th cent., to varying degrees and styles of long hair, often accompanied by beards, moustaches, and long sideburns. Hairdressers, especially those employed by motion picture companies, have become personally renowned for the styles they create. During the 1980s styles such as cornrows, rattails, dreadlocks, and punk spikes migrated from their ethnic and cultural associations to mainstream culture. The most popular styles in the early 1990s were the chin-length bob for women and the fade for men.


See J. S. Cox, An Illustrated Dictionary of Hairdressing and Wigmaking (1984).

References in periodicals archive ?
Aside from Middleton's hairdresser, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge's (http://www.
He flies all over the world to train hairdressers and works with clients at home or at his place in Bonifacio Global City.
The most loyal region is the north east, where nearly two thirds of people say they always go to the same hair professional, while less than half of people in the south west are loyal to one hairdresser, with most preferring to shop around.
If she had come to the salon to complain and identified the hairdresser who cut her hair he would have done his best to help put it right, he said.
Keywords: contraception, female hairdressers, apprentices, induced abortion
Every season, we aim to inspire your hairdresser with the newest tricks and techniques in colour, cut, and style, in return for offering all Egyptian women the latest hair trends.
The thing you want to do when you go to the hairdresser is avoid doing what I once did.
Bosses Gary Hooker and Michael Young have also been nominated for British Hairdresser of the Year for an eighth time.
The team of about four hairdressers were fortunately empathetic to Charlie's needs and it was agreed that he and I would visit the hairdressers on a few occasions before he would actually have his haircut.
Hairdresser The jail's population is split across the Albany and Parkhurst sites, two prisons that were merged in 2009 to form HMP Isle of Wight.
Warning that hairdressers use "powerful chemicals that can inflict thirddegree burns," she said.