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arranging of the hair for decorative, ceremonial, or symbolic reasons. Primitive men plastered their hair with clay and tied trophies and badges into it to represent their feats and qualities. Among women, a band to keep the hair from the eyes was the forerunner of the fillet. Much early hairdressing is traditional, as in the feather tufts or stiffened coronet of some primitive peoples, the queue of the Chinese, the tonsure of ecclesiastics, the flowing locks of the maid, and the bound or cut tresses of the wife. From ancient times hair has been dyed, bleached, curled, braided, waxed and oiled, hennaed, powdered, perfumed, cut, shaved, enhanced with false hair, covered with a wigwig,
arrangement of artificial or human hair worn to conceal baldness, as a disguise, or as part of a costume, either theatrical, ceremonial, or fashionable. In ancient Egypt the wig was worn to protect the head from the sun; short-haired and in many tiers or long and thickly
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, concealed by nets and veils, or adorned with beads, jewels, pins, combs, feathers, ribbons, and flowers, natural and artificial. In the world of fashion, hairdressing developed as an art during the Middle Ages, when an appropriate coiffure became as important as the proper costume. Since that time, styles, especially for women, have been created and re-created, from long to short, from the high pompadour or use of chignons to the close bob, in a repetitive cycle. In the 1960s and 1970s hair styles for men in the United States and Western Europe changed dramatically from short fashions, popular since the late 18th cent., to varying degrees and styles of long hair, often accompanied by beards, moustaches, and long sideburns. Hairdressers, especially those employed by motion picture companies, have become personally renowned for the styles they create. During the 1980s styles such as cornrows, rattails, dreadlocks, and punk spikes migrated from their ethnic and cultural associations to mainstream culture. The most popular styles in the early 1990s were the chin-length bob for women and the fade for men.


See J. S. Cox, An Illustrated Dictionary of Hairdressing and Wigmaking (1984).

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References in periodicals archive ?
"I'm interested in learning more, so if they have any more hairdressing courses I will definitely go on them."
She was nominated twice as Apprentice of the Year for stages 1 and 2 in Hairdressing at Box Hill Institute, was awarded a Pursuit in Excellence Award for stage 1 in hairdressing, the only one to be nominated that year and has been practicing non stop for the upcoming national competition.
After the successful launch of its latest salon, situated within Birmingham's flagship House of Fraser store, the group is now poised to open a new Hairdressing Academy in the heart of the city centre.
Its City and Guilds courses are available regardless of whether you have had previous hairdressing experience.
Hooka is the only business from Liverpool to receive finalist status within the British Hairdressing Business Awards.
Download your coupon to receive 25% off all hairdressing services.
Compered by television and radio personality Jonathan Ross, 2,000 guests from the world of hairdressing, fashion and media attended the prestigious event.
She is continuing to refine her creation in the approach to the big day and I've no doubt taking part in the event will be a great experience for her," Loughborough College hairdressing lead Karen Dixon.
He studied and passed NVQ Level 2 and Level 3 hairdressing, NVQ Level 2 in barbering and NVQ Level 1 in customer services through training provider Gower College Swansea.
Leaving school without any qualifications and only interested in hairdressing, Lucy enrolled on a traineeship with Coleg Menai, where her talent and motivation were quickly recognised.
College Ystrad Mynach, which has campuses across the Rhymney Valley, is backing a campaign in Wales launched by Hairdressing Council member Shirley Davis-Fox to encourage all qualified hairdressers to become state registered.
Brillare Hairdressing Academy has two campuses, the main campus in North Scottsdale in the Scottsdale Quarter and a branch campus in the Ahwatukee area of Phoenix, Arizona.