Basically, all hairworms develop inside invertebrates, with a free-living stage in an aquatic habitat where mating and oviposition occur.
A list of the 18 species of North American hairworms recognized in this work, and their synonyms, is given in Table 1.
However, the like-lihood of hairworms developing in such small hosts as blackflies is negligible.
Species of hairworms (with synonyms) reported from North America.
Biology of cave crickets, Hadenoecus subterraneus, and camel crickets, Ceuthophilus stygius (Insecta: Orthoptera): Parasitism by hairworms (Nematomorpha).
Growth and development of the hairworm larva occurs after the paratenic host is consumed and the hairworm larva enters the body cavity of a developmental (or definitive) host, usually an insect predator or omnivore.
SYNOPSIS OF NORTH AMERICAN HAIRWORM SPECIES WITH GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION AND HOST RECORDS (IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER)
1991) reported parasitism by this hairworm in the camel cricket, Ceuthophilus stygius and cave cricket, Hadenoecus subterraneus.
Hairworm and nematode infections in North American Orthoptera.
Gordioidea: Nematomorpha), a hairworm parasite of ground beetles (Carabidae: Coleoptera) with a summary of gordiid parasites from Carabidae.