caterpillar

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caterpillar

(kăt`əpĭl'ər, kăt`ər–), common name for the larvalarva,
independent, immature animal that undergoes a profound change, or metamorphosis, to assume the typical adult form. Larvae occur in almost all of the animal phyla; because most are tiny or microscopic, they are rarely seen. They play diverse roles in the lives of animals.
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 of a mothmoth,
any of the large and varied group of insects which, along with the butterflies, make up the order Lepidoptera. The moths comprise the great majority of the 100,000 species of the order, and about 70 of its 80 families.
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 or butterflybutterfly,
any of a large group of insects found throughout most of the world; with the moths, they comprise the order Lepidoptera. There are about 12 families of butterflies. Most adult moths and butterflies feed on nectar sucked from flowers.
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. Caterpillars have distinct heads and are segmented and wormlike. They have three pairs of short, jointed legs (retained in the adult) on the thorax; in addition, they have unjointed, fleshy appendages, called prolegs, on some abdominal segments. The prolegs end in clusters of tiny hooks. There is a row of simple eyes on either side of the body. Sawfly larvae are often mistaken for caterpillars, but their prolegs have no hooks and they have a single simple eye on each side. Almost all caterpillars are vegetarian and have strong jaws for chewing. The chewing mouth parts and the prolegs disappear during the pupapupa
, name for the third stage in the life of an insect that undergoes complete metamorphosis, i.e., develops from the egg through the larva and the pupa stages to the adult.
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 stage, as the larva is transformed into an adult. Caterpillars have silk glands that open into a mouth part called the spinneret. The caterpillar exudes a silk strand continuously as it moves along; small caterpillars swing by the strand when dropping from a height. Many caterpillars use the thread to build a cocoon in which to pupate. Most molt their skin (to accommodate growth) five or six times before pupation. Some caterpillars have smooth skin; others are hairy, such as the woolly bear, or hedgehog, caterpillar of the Isabella tiger moth. The caterpillars of the larger night-flying moths (e.g., the luna moth and polyphemus moth) are smooth and green and may be over 3 in. (7.5 cm) long. Caterpillars are equipped with various protective devices. The io moth caterpillar has sharp spines connected with glands that secrete an irritating substance. Others have irritating bristles, and the swallowtail butterfly larva emits a repellent odor when disturbed. Nevertheless, caterpillars form the major part of the diet of many birds and other animals. Caterpillars are voracious eaters and some cause considerable economic damage. Among these are the appleworm, the cutwormcutworm,
name for the larvae of many moths of the family Noctuidae (owlet moths). These larvae, or caterpillars, feed at night on the stems and roots of young plants, often cutting them off near the surface of the ground. They hide in soil by day.
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, and the larvae of the bee mothbee moth,
 greater wax moth,
or honeycomb moth,
common name for an insect pest of honeycombs. Bee moths do damage during their larval stages, injuring combs and honey.
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, the codling mothcodling moth
, small moth, Carpocapsa pomonella, whose larva is the destructive apple worm. Of European origin, it is now found wherever apples are grown. The adult moth is gray with brown markings and has a wingspan of about 3-4 in. (1.8 cm). The 3-4-in.
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, and the clothes mothclothes moth,
name for several species of moths of the family Tineidae, whose larvae feed on wool, furs, feathers, upholstery, and a variety of animal products. Clothes moths are of Old World origin.
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. Some moths and butterflies remain caterpillars for two or three months, others for about 10 months, hibernating through the winter in this stage. In the Arctic are some forms that require two or three years to develop from egg to adult.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caterpillar

 

the larval form of the butterfly.

The caterpillar feeds intensively, storing nutritive material for its subsequent development. After numerous moltings accompanying its growth, the caterpiller is transformed into a chrysalis. Caterpillars are principally phytophagous. More rarely, they eat wool, wax, and horny matter; there are predators and parasites as well. The body is vermiform and the mouth parts are adapted to nibbling. In addition to the three pairs of thoracic legs there are as many as eight pairs of “false” legs. Tubular spinning, or silk-secreting, glands, which open through a canal on the labium, are characteristic of the caterpillar. Upon contact with the air, these glandular secretions form a silk thread that is used in the construction of a cocoon, cementing leaves in the form of a little house, or in the preparation of a protective web. Some caterpillars live in the open and others live concealed. Some live in communities and build special nests, entwining the branches and leaves of trees with web. Processionary moths effect mass migrations in their search for food. Caterpillars that live in the open usually have a shape and color that harmonizes with their background (cryptic), some have bright coloration that demonstrates that they are inedible, and some strike a threatening pose in moments of danger. Pseudocaterpillars (for example, the sawflies) are distinguished from true caterpillars, having false legs on nine to 11 segments. More than 1,000 species of butterflies have been recorded in the USSR; their caterpillars damage field, orchard, and forest plants. The cocoons of the Chinese silkworm, the lappet moth, and several other silkworms yield valuable textile raw material; their breeding is an important branch of agriculture.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

caterpillar

[′kad·ər‚pil·ər]
(invertebrate zoology)
The wormlike larval stage of a butterfly or moth.
The larva of certain insects, such as scorpion flies and sawflies.
(mechanical engineering)
A vehicle, such as a tractor or army tank, which runs on two endless belts, one on each side, consisting of flat treads and kept in motion by toothed driving wheels.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

crawler tractor

crawler tractor
An engine-driven vehicle that travels on segmented roller-chain tracks designed to reduce ground pressure and increase traction in loose footing; powesed by a gasoline or diesel engine.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Caterpillar

peevishly disputes with Alice. [Br. Lit.: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

caterpillar

the wormlike larva of butterflies and moths, having numerous pairs of legs and powerful biting jaws. It may be brightly coloured, hairy, or spiny
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Caterpillar

(dreams)
This bug may represent a stage in your own personal growth and development. The butterfly is a symbol of transformation; it represents a level of individual achievement. The caterpillar, on the other hand, may indicate that you are on your way but have not reached your goal. You may be in earlier stages of accomplishing a real-life goal, a relationship goal, or even a spiritual goal. The caterpillar may represent a specific area of your life or may be symbolic of the larger you.
Bedside Dream Dictionary by Silvana Amar Copyright © 2007 by Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Larvae (4/5 instar) of the Bihar hairy caterpillar were collected from a field of sunflower at the of Main Agricultural Research Station Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
Synergistic effect of azadirachtin and Bacillus thuringiensis against Bihar hairy caterpillar, Spilarctia obliqua Walker.
For the convince in work and avoiding taxonomic constraints, the arthropods were categorized into morphologically similar groups (morpho- groups) and closely related species or morpho-species were clustered in their respective morpho-group i.e., ants, spiders, ladybird beetles, ground beetles (predators), sow bugs, cockroaches (scavengers), hairy caterpillars and field crickets (phytophagous).
Based on the overall population of two year, three insect pests (Jujube Leaf roller, Jujube Hairy caterpillar and Jujube beetle) were categorized as major insect pest due to their highest population than other insect pests (Figure 3).
Also taking place are arts activities where youngsters can make anything from hairy caterpillars with cress seeds to toilet roll monsters.
These include possible damage to and loss of habitat both here and in Africa, declining numbers and changes in the breeding timetable of its main hosts (dunnocks and meadow pipits) perhaps as a result of climate change, and similar declines in populations of the moths upon whose hairy caterpillars adult cuckoos mainly feed.
For neat little clumps plant Carex Evergold, an evergreen with brightly variegated leaves, while fountain grass (Pennisetum) makes a wonderful display with purplish flower heads that resemble hairy caterpillars.
The hairy caterpillars of this species, popularly called 'Woolly Bears', used to be a common feature 30 or 40 years ago, but it is thought that milder, wetter winters do not favour this species.
You may remind me of a reject from a Gerry and Sylvia Anderson Thunderbirds production with your bushy eyebrows crawling like two hairy caterpillars across your brow, jerky walk and wooden delivery, but I'd never imagined you were anyone's puppet.
W HEN yellow-and-black hairy caterpillars emerge, in June and July and again in September and October, they feed furiously.
Eventually, the youngster leaves the nest and learns to fend for itself,feeding mainly on hairy caterpillars.