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Related to hairy leukoplakia: lichen planus, Kaposi Sarcoma, Oral candidiasis


Formation of thickened white patches on mucous membranes, particularly of the mouth and vulva.



milky-white spots (radius, to 0.5 cm) on the mucous membranes near the skin (for example, on the lower lip) and on the cheeks, tongue, bottom of the mouth, esophagus, cervix uteri, vagina, and urinary bladder.

Leukoplakia is one of the precancerous diseases. Smoking, advanced tooth decay, excessive consumption of alcohol or spices, certain inflammations of the oral cavity, avitaminosis A or B complex, and poorly fitting metal dental bridges, fillings, and crowns may give rise to leukoplakia. The disease occurs in two forms. In simple leukoplakia, the mucous membrane is smooth; its surface resembles mosaic or parquetry. This may be complicated by fissures or erosions. In verrucose leukoplakia, the mucosa is raised and the color varies from pearly to chalky. Patients complain of sensations of petrifaction, burning, and tenderness. Treatment is by surgical removal, electrocoagulation, or radiation therapy.

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Most commonly found lesions were oral candidiasis in various forms (3,7,14,18), gingivitis (2,13,14,16), acute her petic gingivostomatitis (2), linear gingival erythema (1,10,17), oral hairy leukoplakia (5,9,13), Kaposi's sarcoma (1,5,15) and parotid enlargement (4,13,15,19).
Oral hairy leukoplakia is a form of leukoplakia which presents as a white, hairy appearing lesion on one or both lateral borders of the tongue, which cannot be scraped off.
Increased frequency of mucositis, oral ulcers, oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL), chronic periodontitis and oral wart was seen in ART group as compared to Non-ART group while oral mucosal pigmentation was significantly higher in ART group (p=0.
Consider evaluation for human immunodeficiency virus infection for any patient who has acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis/acute necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis, recurrent candidiasis, or oral hairy leukoplakia, (A)
Relation of hairy leukoplakia to infection with the human immunodeficiency virus and the risk of developing AIDS.
Epstein-Barr virus causes infectious mononucleosis and is associated with several benign and malignant conditions, including Burkitt lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders, Kikuchi histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, hydroa vacciniforme, Gianotti-Crosti syndrome, and oral hairy leukoplakia.
Other lesions observed were Kaposi's sarcoma, Multifocal Epithelial Hyperplasia, Oral Hairy Leukoplakia, Linear Gingival Erythema, and oral ulceration (Figure 1).
These factors were loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting; temperature >38[degrees]C, oral hairy leukoplakia, CD4 count <100 cells/[mm.
He was clinically anaemic with no signs of oral hairy leukoplakia or candida.
4) Specifically, in the oral environment the lesions associated with HIV infection include candidiasis, herpes simplex, oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL), cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, varicella-zoster virus infection, papilloma virus infection, linear gingival erythema (LGE), gingivitis and necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis, Kaposi's sarcoma, and aphthous ulcers, which are acknowledged as important markers of AIDS clinical stages.
About a third of the patients in the general medical ward had oral candidiasis and oral hairy leukoplakia, but they had not been tested for HIV The hospital had a laboratory that performed CD4 counts for all the CTCs in the Mtwara region, with couriers bringing blood daily for testing.
Oral lesions are frequent in HIV infection, especially candidiasis, oral hairy leukoplakia, Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and periodontal disease.