halocline


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halocline

[′hal·ə‚klīn]
(oceanography)
A well-defined vertical gradient of salinity in the oceans and seas.
References in periodicals archive ?
Weak vertical diffusion allows maintenance of cold halocline in the central Arctic.
In the studied period, the freshwater runoff from the rivers likely contributed to the decrease of salinity in the surface water of the Piraque Chanel, resulting in a permanent halocline.
Specialization view precipitous, halocline dogberry.
The objectives of the buoy program are three-fold: 1) monitor the upper ocean heat content and ocean-to-ice fluxes; 2) quantify entrainment rates of heat that result from temporal and spatial variability in both the structure of the Arctic halocline and the strength of turbulent mixing mechanisms; and 3) test and improve parameterizations of ocean-to-ice fluxes for use in Pan-Arctic scale modeling efforts.
Key words: Near-surface layer, fine-scale thermohaline structure, thermocline, halocline, wind-wave mixing, convective mixing.
They create a layer known as a halocline (from the Greek words for "salt" and "slope").
1988), have shown a shallow thermocline of 50 to 30 m, and the halocline slope upward from 300 to 100 m, from west to east.
Below that, the instruments would pass through a layer called the halocline, where the water remains cold but grows saltier with depth.
Snowmelt is a form of "stored precipitation" influencing the magnitude of freshwater runoff and halocline depth that is not considered in our model.