halophyte


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halophyte

(hăl`əfīt'), any plant, especially a seed plant, that is able to grow in habitats excessively rich in salts, such as salt marshes, sea coasts, and saline or alkaline semideserts and steppes. These plants have special physiological adaptations that enable them to absorb water from soils and from seawater, which have solute concentrations that nonhalophytes could not tolerate. Some halophytes are actually succulent, with a high water-storage capacity.

halophyte

[′hal·ə‚fīt]
(ecology)
A plant or microorganism that grows well in soils having a high salt content.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although previous studies have found that germination of halophytes can occur in a variety of salinities, many halophytic species favour conditions where NaCl concentration is less than that of seawater (600 mM) and require optimal temperatures for successful germination (Khan and Ungar 1984).
POXs are involved in many functions in plant cells such as ROS generation and regulation, [H.sub.2][O.sub.2] level regulation, oxidation of various substrates and also involved in loosening of the cross-linking of cell wall compounds [38] The present induced increase in both APX and POX was comparable with some halophytes [39, 40].
Effect of NaCl salinity on water relations, photosynthesis and chemical composition of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) as a potential cash crop halophyte. Aust.
Guo YS, Wan-Ke Z, Dong-Qing Y, Bao-Xing D, Jin-Song Z, Shou-Yi C (2002) Overexpression of proline transporter gene isolated from halophyte confers salt tolerance in Arabidopsis.
Plant responses to heterogeneous salinity: Growth of the halophyte Atriplex nummulariais determined by the root-weighted mean salinity of the root zone.
In some halophytes, a mechanism could be considered the endophytic association between plant and rhizobacteria able to improve the plant growth in abiotic stress conditions (PGPR) (7).
The world's irrigated acreage could be increased by about 50 percent by reusing saline water and salinized crop fields for halophytes, said University of Arizona environmental sciences professor Edward Glenn.
The SRBC scientists are set to create a test ecosystem by planting two crops of halophytes in Abu Dhabi's sandy soil.
Kosteletzkya virginica has been proved to be a promising halophyte and has been introduced in China and recommended as a potential cash crop for alternative saline agriculture.
These drones are best suited to combat in Anbar's deep wadis and the halophyte thickets lining the Euphrates River.