hand, foot, and mouth disease


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Related to hand, foot, and mouth disease: coxsackievirus, fifth disease, Kawasaki disease

hand, foot, and mouth disease

(HFMD), infectious viral disease that most commonly occurs in children under five years of age. Symptoms include fever, poor appetite, and a sore throat, followed by painful sores in the mouth and a skin rash on the palms of the hand, soles of the feet, and sometimes the elbows, knees, or buttocks. The rash may develop into blisters. Dehydration may occur, especially in the very young, because drinking can be painful; in rare cases, viral meningitis or encephalitis may result. There is no treatment for the disease except to alleviate the symptoms. Typically caused by a coxsackievirus or enterovirus, HFMD is normally transmitted through contact with a patient's saliva, mucus, or feces or surfaces contaminated by these. The disease usually develops within a week of exposure to the virus, and lasts for a week to ten days. HFMD is not related to foot-and-mouth diseasefoot-and-mouth disease
or hoof-and-mouth disease,
highly contagious disease almost exclusive to cattle, sheep, swine, goats, and other cloven-hoofed animals. It is caused by a virus, specifically an aphthovirus, that was identified in 1897.
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, which infects cloven-hoofed animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hand, foot, and mouth disease caused by coxsackievirus A6, Japan.
Effect of climate factors on hand, foot, and mouth disease in South Korea, 2010-2013.
Hand, foot, and mouth disease predominately spreads through droplets of saliva that are expelled by infected children and via fecal contamination through infected toys or while changing diapers.
FMD is commonly confused with hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD); although the names are similar, the disease are not related.
The recent surge in hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMB) may have resulted in the first recent fatality, with the Health Ministry disclosing that a toddler in Sarawak is suspected to have died from the illness.
Dermatological spectrum of hand, foot, and mouth disease from classical to generalized exanthema.
SAN FRANCISCO -- A study of cases at seven academic pediatric dermatology centers has more precisely described the cutaneous eruptions caused by a severe form of hand, foot, and mouth disease in U.S.
To the Editor: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is an acute, febrile viral infection characterized by vesicular exanthema on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and oral mucosa.
In the winter of 2012, we evaluated a cluster of 8 patients, 4 months-3 years of age, who were brought for treatment at Boston Children's Hospital (Boston, MA, USA) with a variant of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) that has now been linked to CVA6 (Table, Appendix, wwwnc.cdc.gov/ EID/article/18/10/12-0813-T1.htm).
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common viral illness caused by enteroviruses that predominantly affects children aged <5 years.
Onychomadesis outbreak linked to hand, foot, and mouth disease, Spain, July 2008.
In September and October 2000, a large nationwide outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by HEV71 occurred in Singapore (4).