haploid


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Related to haploid: Haploid number

haploid

Biology
1. (esp of gametes) having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
2. a haploid cell or organism

haploid

[′ha‚plȯid]
(genetics)
Having half of the diploid or full complement of chromosomes, that is, one complete set, as in mature gametes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike mitosis, meiosis I is the reduction division because it is during this sequence of events that the haploid conditions are produced from a diploid parent cell.
Advances in haploid plant induction in onion (Allium cepa L.) through in vitro gynogenesis.
At the facility, the scientists do what they call haploid induction', where chromosomes of the maize seeds are doubled through some kind of chemical treatment.
They created the mice with two mothers by deleting three imprinting regions of the genome from haploid ESCs containing a female parent's DNA and injected them into eggs from another female mouse.
"Only 0.5 per cent of children diagnosed with leukaemia suffer from Near Haploid," said Hannah.
Thus, we also employed a template-switching single-stranded (ss) DNA library preparation protocol (DNA SMART ChIP-Seq Kit, Clontech) to sequence plasma from 2 wildtype and 2 knockout mice to a mean of 6.4X coverage of the haploid genome.
Sex is determined universally in ants by haplodiploidy and arrhenotoky, the production of paternate diploid females (queens and workers) from fertilised eggs and impaternate haploid males from unfertilised eggs [4].
The same QF-PCR investigation was used to determine the parent of origin of the additional haploid chromosome complement.
This event could restore a biparental diploid cell line provided that the detrimental extra PN is excluded and even produce a normal embryo if the haploid cell does not develop further.
Various shock applications including heat / cold shock, hydrostatic pressure and chemical agents (Colchicine, Cytochalasin B and [N.sub.2]O, etc.) have been used in the study in order to convert these haploid embryos, fertilized with spermatozoa and untreated, to diploid embryos [4,6-10].