haploid

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haploid

Biology
1. (esp of gametes) having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
2. a haploid cell or organism

haploid

[′ha‚plȯid]
(genetics)
Having half of the diploid or full complement of chromosomes, that is, one complete set, as in mature gametes.
References in periodicals archive ?
In maize, occurrence of haploid plants in nature was described by Chase (1949, 1952) and found that spontaneous induction rate of haploids was very low (1 out of 1000 seeds).
Microspore culture and the performance of microspore derived doubled haploid in Brassica juncea L.
As opposed to the low frequency reported for wild type maize plants (see above), Kermicle observed a high incidence (up to ~3%) of spontaneous male-derived, androgenic haploids in a mutant inbred line carrying a mutant allele of the indeterminate gametophytel (ig1) gene.
Produced haploid lines from microspore and anther culture provide high potential for genetic breeding with development of genetic variation through production of completely homozygous lines in short time [3,4,10,9,14,17].
The production of haploid wheat plants from wheat x maize crosses.
Aneuploids, and undetectable chromosome fragments in haploids, may be an important reason for low viability of gynogens in fish (Thorgaard 1983, Ihssen et al.
possess a vegetative haploid nuclear phase (Pfiester and Anderson, 1987; Coats, 2002).
Is the mite diploid, carrying two copies of a single chromosome, or haploid, carrying one copy of a two-chromosome set?
A single ancestral haploid cell of each clone was used to develop two populations composed of identical cells.
Production of haploids in BG through anther culture would allow breeders for an efficient release of pure parental lines and better screening for resistance to diseases.