hard automation


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hard automation

[′härd ‚ȯd·ə′mā·shən]
(industrial engineering)
Automation that makes use of specially designed equipment for production.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

hard automation

A non-programmable robotic system. Hard automation systems must be physically altered to change their function but often yield the fastest operation.

Soft Automation
Soft automation robots are programmable, and changes can be made in the computer. Soft automation robots tend to be slower than hard automation devices.

Flexible Automation
More costly than hard or soft automation, flexible automation robots often have interchangeable parts, and they can operate at low or high speeds. Flexible automation is suited for robots that must be routinely changed for different operations. See robot.
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From a global perspective, postsecondary robotics program outcomes may include evaluating robot solutions, evaluating when to use robots, differentiating between robotics and hard automation, and synthesizing system integration (as it applies to robotics and automation).
Includes summary news on related products: Torchmate[R] CNC Cutting Systems, Hybrid Laser Technologies (with partner IPG Photonics, Inc.); VERNON Tool[TM] Razor[TM] Robotic Tube Cutting and Profiling Systems, and Arc Products[R] Hard Automation Systems.
Flexible automation is better than fixed or hard automation, because it allows the manufacturing process to be more versatile and agile.
Lincoln's Automation Division offers an expanded product line with flexible automation, hard automation, and pipe-cutting solutions, as well as fume extraction systems.
Hard automation can do one task, either the original or the new, not both.
The Janome JSR4400N series of high-speed, horizontal, multi-joint Selective Compliant Articulated Robot Arm (SCARA) robots eliminates the high cost of hard automation and increases productivity in a wide range of assembly applications, including those with limited space.
In the end, the new automated system eliminated the need for manual changeover and adjustments of hard automation grinders for batch runs of individual part types at the metalcasting facility.
Healy suggests that captive processors and others who do long-run molding were the first to automate using hard automation technology, but he believes shorter-run custom molders are beginning to learn that they also can find the same value in flexible automation equipment.
Ergonomic concerns, labor costs and the need for flexibility are heightening interest in both hard automation and robotic systems on the packaging line.