* Improvement from introspection: Unlike hard data
areas where success is defined by metrics--such as finance and technology--success in organizational health terms can be tough to define.
reports revealed a big March retail sales rebound that finally reversed the mysterious December sales plunge, hence greatly diminishing the "hard data
" support for the market's pessimistic growth outlook from December.
While there is no hard data
to say with empirical certainty that cyberattacks are rising or falling, the need to protect infrastructure from hackers remains critical.
The center, which is a part of the Swiss IMD (Institute for Management Development) business school, published its annual ranking of 63 countries depending on their competitiveness using 258 indicators with a combination of hard data
such as national employment and trade statistics and soft data such as business perception on issues such as corruption, environmental concerns and quality of life.
"I feel it is important to let some more hard data
come in, especially on growth, and allow some more time to let the early skirmishes on the global trade front play out.
The survey aimed at gathering valuable information on a broad range of variables for which hard data
sources are scarce, it added.
This week, hard data
confirmed what we see week in and week out in this column.
The soft data seem to suggest strong economic growth is just around the corner, while the hard data
-- as evidenced by Friday's GDP report -- currently depict an economy that is slowly growing.
Gius, a professor of economics at Quinnipiac University in Hamden, Connecticut, collects hard data
from a number of sources concerning guns, violence, and crime.
An expert opinion isn't pulled out of the air, but rather based on loads of experience that often has no hard data
In his genuine preoccupation with underrepresented, displaced peoples both then and now--and invoking modern sensitivities--Robert Garland stresses our lack of hard data
for these situations in the Greek world (see his list of unanswered questions starting with "what percentage of ...