(redirected from harmoniums)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


see reed organreed organ,
an organ in which air is forced over free reeds by means of bellows, usually worked by pedals. It is played by the use of one or more keyboards. Variations in tone are produced by stops that control different sets of reeds or vary the manner in which the air acts
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a keyboard wind instrument. The harmonium was invented in the second decade of the 19th century; its precursor was the orgue expressif designed by the Frenchman G. J. Grenié in 1810. A similarly constructed instrument was created in 1818 by the master A. Häckel. The modern harmonium resembles a small upright piano; it has a piano keyboard, with six to 20 registers activated by movable levers. The keyboard is divided into a left side, with a range from C two octaves below the bass staff to E at the bottom of the treble staff, and a right side, with a range from F at the bottom of the treble staff to C two octaves above the treble staff. Sound is produced when air passes over steel tongues set in brass frames, causing the tongues, which act as free reeds, to vibrate. Air is pumped through channels to the reed compartments by pedal-operated bellows. The sound of the harmonium is similar to that of the organ.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a musical keyboard instrument of the reed organ family, in which air from pedal-operated bellows causes the reeds to vibrate
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
As elites have struggled to cleanse modern Indian music of what they argue is a "foreign" intruder, the masses have used the harmonium as a gateway to an understanding of their musical heritage, Rahaim explains.
THE SOURCE: "That Ban(e) of Indian Music: Hearing Politics in the Harmonium" by Matt Rahaim, in The Journal of Asian Studies, Aug.
Prefatory sections address Franck's harmonium works, the sources, critical notes, and the characteristics and technique of the instrument.
One of the weaknesses of the edition is the opening essay, "The Harmonium Works of Cesar Franck." It offers but a faint glimmer of the information one would hope to find there.
Franck, indeed, never considered the harmonium a substitute for the organ.
How do Franck's works exemplify idiomatic harmonium style?
In the chronology of works, the editors say of one piece that "although the Petit offertoire in C minor published in 1885 contains organ registration, it was probably conceived for the harmonium" (p.
Another baffling lapse is the editors' use of the bogus title L'organiste, which was applied posthumously to Franck's harmonium works.
After a thorough chronological rundown on the pieces contained in these volumes, the remaining nearly one-half of the essay is spent comparing two versions of the Offertoire in E major, one for harmonium (given in the appendix of vol.
For the sixty-three Pieces pour harmonium included in the volumes, four sources are identified.
(The French preface uses "mes." and the German preface "T" [Takt].) Curiously, in the essay "The Harmonium" (p.
We learn that, aside from Enoch's commissioning Franck to compose one hundred pieces for harmonium, the composer "dearly loved" the Magnificat: