Harquebus


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Related to Harquebus: blunderbuss, rapier

Harquebus

 

one of the original models of Western European hand firearms, which appeared in the first third of the 15th century. The harquebus was loaded from the muzzle, and the powder charge was ignited by hand through a cartridge vent on the barrel. Stone, and later lead, spherical bullets were fired from the harquebus. In Rus’ the harquebus was called a pishchal’.


Harquebus

 

(Russian, pishchal’), a heavy hand firearm and artillery gun, with which Russian troops were armed from the 15th to 17th centuries.

At first the harquebus was used for the defense of fortresses. Later, it also came to be used in field battle. The hand-held harquebus had one or more barrels and was called a short, or shoulder, harquebus. Certain types of harquebuses were used to blast walls during sieges, and others were designed to defend fortresses. In Rus’, regimental types of harquebuses were called sokoliki and volkoneiki. The caliber of artillery harquebuses ranged from 1.2 to 10 inches, and their length was 10–70 calibers. Certain harquebuses were up to 110 calibers in length. Various models of the harquebus are preserved in the Central Museum of the Artillery, Engineer Troops, and Signal Troops in Leningrad.

References in periodicals archive ?
The first thought that came to me was that I had gotten a harquebus shot in the head; indeed several were being fired around us at the time of the accident.
Marston twice mentions the reward of "twenty thousand double pistolets" (3.1.22,101) and also, with characteristic inflation, "millions of harquebus" (3.1.90).
New elements that are only present in the Furioso are now treated, such as the harquebus, the goblet, and the horn.
In view of this, if the rule of the Miller case is general and complete, the result would follow that, under present day conditions, the federal government would be empowered only to regulate the possession or use of weapons such as a flintlock musket or a matchlock harquebus."), cert.
It was called a harquebus (or arquebus) from a Dutch word meaning "hook-gun." Perhaps it got this name because the early harquebuses were used in association with pikes, pikes being "hook-spears."
A light flashed among the alders, followed instantly by the discharge of a harquebus. Even now a troop of horsemen came thundering across the bridge.
By this time, the harquebus had been refined to a musket.
The Tlaxcaltecs mobilized far larger forces but only the foremost soldiers could bring their weapons to bear, and Spanish crossbows, harquebues, and falconets effectively disrupted these formations.