Harquebus

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Harquebus

 

one of the original models of Western European hand firearms, which appeared in the first third of the 15th century. The harquebus was loaded from the muzzle, and the powder charge was ignited by hand through a cartridge vent on the barrel. Stone, and later lead, spherical bullets were fired from the harquebus. In Rus’ the harquebus was called a pishchal’.


Harquebus

 

(Russian, pishchal’), a heavy hand firearm and artillery gun, with which Russian troops were armed from the 15th to 17th centuries.

At first the harquebus was used for the defense of fortresses. Later, it also came to be used in field battle. The hand-held harquebus had one or more barrels and was called a short, or shoulder, harquebus. Certain types of harquebuses were used to blast walls during sieges, and others were designed to defend fortresses. In Rus’, regimental types of harquebuses were called sokoliki and volkoneiki. The caliber of artillery harquebuses ranged from 1.2 to 10 inches, and their length was 10–70 calibers. Certain harquebuses were up to 110 calibers in length. Various models of the harquebus are preserved in the Central Museum of the Artillery, Engineer Troops, and Signal Troops in Leningrad.

References in periodicals archive ?
Harquebuses 1 2 3 Kind of weapon Muzzle-loading Blunderbuss Muzzle-loading Brand BOPE ARDESA BOPE Caliber (mm) 62 62 28 Barrel length (cm) 50 50 41 Harquebuses 4 5 6 Kind of weapon Muzzle-loading Blunderbuss Blunderbuss Brand GIL BOPE ARDESA Caliber (mm) 28 60 62 Barrel length (cm) 40 50 50
This paper presents a practical study to determine the impact that harquebuses and fireworks can generate on the historical heritage.
We have only found few old studies about the use of harquebuses and some acoustic impact analyses on buildings related to the insulation characteristics of dwellings to ensure the well-being of its inhabitants [11].
Firstly, the acoustic characteristics of harquebuses and blunderbusses used in this type of festivities are analyzed.
(36) He remarks upon the presence of marranoes or crypto-Jews 'of late banished and driuen out of Spaine & Portugale' in terms of the 'detriment and damage' this poses to Christendom, since these Jews, in addition to bringing 'workemen of all artes, and handicraftes moste excellent', have also passed information on to the Turks: 'diuers inuentions, craftes and engines of warre, as to make artillerie, harquebuses, gunne pouder, shot, and other munitions'.
Robak took a moment to examine the harquebuses and broadswords then went off to reconnoiter the grounds, to seek out the servants and discover the Count's whereabouts.
Once they reached a compromising position, a large concealed force ambushed the Spaniards, who were saved only by virtue of their weapons (harquebuses, crossbows, cannons, and mounted lancers) which were hitherto unknown in central Mexico.
Nevertheless, the Spaniards were hard pressed and to make his forces more effective, at least defensively, Cortes divided his men, ordering some to reload crossbows and harquebuses while others fired, and directed the mounted lancers to make short forays to disrupt the Tlaxcaltecs' formations and frustrate their attacks.
(19) Hirsch, 'Jewish Questions', 42, quotes Nicolas de Nicolay's bestselling travel narrative of 1567 translated and published in English as The Nauigations, Peregrinations and Voyages, Made into Turkie (London, 1585) in stating the types of information the Jews shared with the Turks: 'diuers inuentions, craftes and engines of warre, as to make artillerie, harquebuses, gunne pouder, shot, and other munitions'.
Benedict Crowell wrote that "the change from the mail and harquebuses of the Spanish conquest of the Americas to the ordnance known in the Civil War was not greater." That said, the brutal conflict between North and South represented a marked shift in humanity's most basic domain of warfare--land--due in large part to the rise of industrial manufacturing and mass production.