Harquebus

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Harquebus

 

one of the original models of Western European hand firearms, which appeared in the first third of the 15th century. The harquebus was loaded from the muzzle, and the powder charge was ignited by hand through a cartridge vent on the barrel. Stone, and later lead, spherical bullets were fired from the harquebus. In Rus’ the harquebus was called a pishchal’.


Harquebus

 

(Russian, pishchal’), a heavy hand firearm and artillery gun, with which Russian troops were armed from the 15th to 17th centuries.

At first the harquebus was used for the defense of fortresses. Later, it also came to be used in field battle. The hand-held harquebus had one or more barrels and was called a short, or shoulder, harquebus. Certain types of harquebuses were used to blast walls during sieges, and others were designed to defend fortresses. In Rus’, regimental types of harquebuses were called sokoliki and volkoneiki. The caliber of artillery harquebuses ranged from 1.2 to 10 inches, and their length was 10–70 calibers. Certain harquebuses were up to 110 calibers in length. Various models of the harquebus are preserved in the Central Museum of the Artillery, Engineer Troops, and Signal Troops in Leningrad.

References in periodicals archive ?
Firstly, the acoustic characteristics of harquebuses and blunderbusses used in this type of festivities are analyzed.
Generally, harquebusiers use blunderbusses or harquebuses. Both are firearms with small differences between them.
As the wind speed is much lower than 5 m/s, we can perform the tests and we will be sure that the registered values of noise level really represent the effect of the harquebuses on the facade.
In addition, the highest value is recorded around 1.5 m, with maximum value of 138 dB which corresponds to the height at which the harquebuses generate the highest noise level.
"Warfare since 1914 has undergone a tremendous evolution--the change from the mail and harquebuses of the Spanish conquest of the Americas to the ordnance known in the Civil War was not greater.
(36) He remarks upon the presence of marranoes or crypto-Jews 'of late banished and driuen out of Spaine & Portugale' in terms of the 'detriment and damage' this poses to Christendom, since these Jews, in addition to bringing 'workemen of all artes, and handicraftes moste excellent', have also passed information on to the Turks: 'diuers inuentions, craftes and engines of warre, as to make artillerie, harquebuses, gunne pouder, shot, and other munitions'.
Robak took a moment to examine the harquebuses and broadswords then went off to reconnoiter the grounds, to seek out the servants and discover the Count's whereabouts.
Once they reached a compromising position, a large concealed force ambushed the Spaniards, who were saved only by virtue of their weapons (harquebuses, crossbows, cannons, and mounted lancers) which were hitherto unknown in central Mexico.
Nevertheless, the Spaniards were hard pressed and to make his forces more effective, at least defensively, Cortes divided his men, ordering some to reload crossbows and harquebuses while others fired, and directed the mounted lancers to make short forays to disrupt the Tlaxcaltecs' formations and frustrate their attacks.
In one of the most influential works on mounted troops of the period, "Militarie Instructions for the Cavall'rie" (1632), author John Cruso describes the armament of a harquebusier and carabine: "For offensive arms, he must have the harquebuse of two foot and a half long (the bore of 17 bullets in the pound [approximately .65 caliber]...