Hartal

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hartal

 

in India, the cessation of all business activity as a sign of protest. During the national liberation movement in India the hartal took the form of a general strike involving workers, the urban middle classes, merchants, students, and schoolchildren. The hartal may include meetings and protest demonstrations. From 1918 to 1947 it was a fundamental tactic in the National Congress’ campaign of noncooperation with the colonial authorities. Since India achieved independence in 1947, the hartal has sometimes been used by various political parties as a method of political struggle.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Kashmir, it's high time for us to get rid of self-imposed and self-debilitating hartals and fatal stone pelting.
Thiruvananthapuram: Kerala's widespread shutdown culture -- closure of shops and businesses as mark of protest, commonly known as hartal -- has prompted a clutch of organisations to move a public interest petition in the state high court against the menace.
A bird's eye view of our newspapers' reports and electronic media bulletins are apt enough to give us a clear idea as to police atrocities during hartals and other political programmes.
The EU remains concerned about intimidation and confrontation in the form of 'hartals' (political strikes) and about the arrest of politicians and human rights defenders," said the EU foreign policy chief.
Since the announcement of the verdict in Kadr's trial, Jamaat has called repeated "hartals"--strikes intended to stop all commercial activity in the cities.
"Bursting of such cocktails are common in Bangladesh during hartals (shut-downs) and cannot be described as a bomb," said the statement.
Bursting of such cocktails is common in Bangladesh during hartals and cannot be described as a bomb," the statement says.
The Sept 20 protests will also include hartals, pickettings, demonstrations and court arrest programmes.
FARAZ: The constant shortage of electricity and frequent hartals are pushing up costs.
Bandas, hartals, disruptions in the supply chain are also responsible for this.
THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The Kerala Law Reforms Commission appointed by the LDF government has recommended a ban on bandhs (forced shutdowns) and restrictions on hartals, the voluntary ones.