Hartal

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Hartal

 

in India, the cessation of all business activity as a sign of protest. During the national liberation movement in India the hartal took the form of a general strike involving workers, the urban middle classes, merchants, students, and schoolchildren. The hartal may include meetings and protest demonstrations. From 1918 to 1947 it was a fundamental tactic in the National Congress’ campaign of noncooperation with the colonial authorities. Since India achieved independence in 1947, the hartal has sometimes been used by various political parties as a method of political struggle.

References in periodicals archive ?
A bird's eye view of our newspapers' reports and electronic media bulletins are apt enough to give us a clear idea as to police atrocities during hartals and other political programmes.
Enforcement of Jamaat-called hartals falls to Chhatra Shibir, the well funded Jamaat youth wing.
Bursting of such cocktails are common in Bangladesh during hartals (shut-downs) and cannot be described as a bomb," said the statement.
Bursting of such cocktails is common in Bangladesh during hartals and cannot be described as a bomb," the statement says.
The Sept 20 protests will also include hartals, pickettings, demonstrations and court arrest programmes.
FARAZ: The constant shortage of electricity and frequent hartals are pushing up costs.
It is carefully nurtured through strikes, hartals and the like and mobilisations -- such as those relating to the alleged rape and murder of two sisters in Shopian, or the proposal to lease some forest department land to the Amarnath Yatra Shrine Board.
In August, Khaleda Zia and Sheikh Hasina agreed during a visit of former President Jimmy Carter to respect the results of the election, join Parliament win or lose, foreswear the use of hartals (violently enforced strikes) as political tools, and if successful in forming a government allow for a more meaningful role for the opposition in Parliament.
To be fair to the govt of India, the green apparently stands for "Safe for consumption by Lacto-Vegetarians", in which Ovo-Lacto-Vegetarians and Pisco-Ovo-Lacto-Vegetarians would like form unions and sit in hartals.
The essays marshall evidence that points towards the absolute Generality of the logic of the show of numbers for mass nationalism as well as the drawing upon urban energies for hartals and satyagrahas, but does not analyse nationalism along these lines.
Bandas, hartals, disruptions in the supply chain are also responsible for this.
THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The Kerala Law Reforms Commission appointed by the LDF government has recommended a ban on bandhs (forced shutdowns) and restrictions on hartals, the voluntary ones.